Parks, Castles and Monasteries

Villa Sciarra - Institute of German Studies

Villa Sciarra house, Rome, Italy This villa belonged to the Berberini's in 17th century and to the Sciarra's from 18th century till 1896 and in 1902 became a property of an American diplomat George Wurst, who's widow, very rich woman Enrichetta Tower Wurst, granted it to the city in 1932. When her husband died, Hernietta gave the villa to Benito Mussolini on condition that it would be a public garden. The...

Sinagoga (Synagogue) - Roman Jewish Ghetto

This imposing construction in Babylonian- Syrian style with its square dome is a dissonant element in panoramic view of the city, and was built in 1897-1904 by architects Asvaldo Armanni and Vincenzo Costa, decorations are by painters D.Bruschi and A.Brugnoli. Modern synagogue substituted an old Jewish Temple destroyed in 1893 and other four places of cult called Scole (Scola...

Church of San Nicola in Carcere (Prison) and Its 3 Temples (Templi)

Church of San Nicola in Carcere (Prison) and Its 3 Temples (Templi) The main characteristic of this Chiesa di San Nicola in Carcere (Basilica or Church of St. Nicholas in Prison/ Cardinal Titular Church) is the fact that it was built over the three ancient temples standing one close to another. The area where there is now the church of S. Nicola in Carcere, in ancient time was occupied by the Foro Olitorio (Forum Holitorium) a square where the...

Hospice of 100 Priests/ Old Priests/ San Michele (Ospizio dei Cento Preti/S.Michele)

Pope Sixtus V had D.Fontana build this hospice in 1587, but in the modern construction nearly nothing left from the original one. Sixtus V tried to resolve a problem of mendicancy picking all the mendicant friars from the streets of Rome and putting them in one building. The hospice was dedicated to St Francis of Assisi and was managed by a Congregation of 100 priests ( from...

Ospizio (Hospice) del Clementino

In 1715 pope Clement XI transferred in one part of an old hospice founded by Sixtus V a little hospice for poor girls, who in preparation for the Holy Year of 1700 were picked together by Innocent XII. Because of a modest dresses and especially the shoes with the wooden sole that the girls were wearing the people called them "zoccolette" (zoccolo = wooden-soled shoes); later...

Piazza in Piscinula and Casa dei Mattei (Mattei House) of Trastevere

Piazza in Piscinula and Casa dei Mattei (Mattei House) of Trastevere Going across the river from the Isola Tiberina you end up in a little place of Trastevere neighborhood called piazza in Piscinula. The name of this square derives from the swimming pool baths (Roman spa) that probably existed here belonging to the Anici family which had a sumptuous palace on the square (it.piscina=pool). Should also be noticed the 14th century houses of the...

Anguillara Tower (Torre degli Anguillara) - House of Dante (Casa di Dante)

For a long period of time Trastevere as well as other districts of Rome was a part of the city controlled to one or more noble families, among them was the Anguillara family which dominated here till the 15th century. The tower belonged to them till 1538 when became a property of Anguillara's vassals the family of Carbognano. The latter made the tower lose its noble aspect and...

Church and Hospice of San Cosimato (Chiesa e Ospizio di S.Cosimato)

Before the 19th century when this part of Trastevere was free from constructions of any type, the zone around the Church and Hospice of San Cosimato (Chiesa e Ospizio di S.Cosimato) was occupied by sportive area where different kinds of competitions between young people took place. S.Cosimato's construction belonged first to the monks of Benedictian order, and then, since...

Walks around Aventine Hill (Aventino)

Aventine Hill (Aventino) is one of the seven mythic Roman hills. Till the epoch of emperor Claudius the Aventine Hill was out of residential part of the city and was considered to be the better place for the cult and religion, so here the numerous sacred constructions were built. With the time the hill was populated by the merchants and people working for the down standing...

Savello Park - Orange Garden (Parco Savello - Giardino degli Aranci)

On the site of the Sevelli's stronghold, the family dominated in this zone in the 11th-13th centuries, was arranged in 1932 a little but very beautiful park with the orange trees and some ruins of past times among which is a little fountain with the heraldic symbols of pope Paul V. This garden is also known as Giardino degli Aranci (Garden of Oranges) and was created according...

Villa Malta & Garden (Villa del Priorato di Malta) on the Aventine Hill

This construction of Villa del Priorato di Malta on the Aventine Hill was built in 939 s a Benedictian monastery, it belonged to the monastery of the Chiesa dei SS.Bonifacio e Alessio from which was separated in 977. By the end of the 12th century the monastery became a property of the Templars, monks-warriors defenders of Christianity against Muslims. In 1312 the Order of...

Sangallo's Bastion & San Paolo Port (Bastione del Sangallo and Porta San Paolo/ Ostiense)

Porta Ostiense or Porta San Paolo The bastion was created by A.da Sangallo the Younger for the pope Paul III in 1537-1540 in terms of the project, which was later abandoned, to remake completely the fortified walls around Rome to protect the city against probable Muslim aggression. In this case the wall of Aventine Hill had to reach Porta S.Paolo. But the works were stopped for the economical reasons. The...

Resistenza Park (Parco della Resistenza) & Fountain of Anfore (Amphorae)

Entire zone of Porta S.Paolo is dedicated to the memory of Roman patriotism of September 9-10, 1943, when simple Romans and Sardinian grenadiers without a commander tried to resist to nazi forces and protect Rome in unequal fight. The hero of this tragic event was Raffaele Persichetti. The park is located behind a modern post-office building (next to the Pyramid of Cestius,...

Pyramid of Cestius or Piramide Cestia (Piramide di Caio Cestio)

Pyramid of Cestius or Piramide Cestia (Piramide di Caio Cestio) It is of the best conserved and most characteristic monuments of ancient Rome. This pyramid was built in 12 a.D. during a period of 300 days, and it is 27m high, with the size of the base side 22m. It is covered by marble and stands on a basement of travertine. The Pyramid of Cestius or Piramide Cestia (Piramide di Caio Cestio); also called Pyramid of Gaius Cestius is an...

Mamertine Prison (Carcere Mamertino) or Tullianum

Mamertine Prison (Carcere Mamertino) [also called Tullianum] according to a legend was the Prison or jail (Carcere) where St Peter and St Paul was imprisoned. They would have stayed here for nine months and could runaway thanks to the help of other prisoners converted by apostles. Thus it was transformed in the place of cult with the name San Pietro in Carcere. It consists...