Parks, Castles and Monasteries

Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano)

Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano) Three white marble Corinthian columns made part of the Temple of Vespasian erected in memory of the emperor after his death in 79 A.D. by two sons Titus and Domitian, and two years later after the death of Titus, dedicated to him as well. On the basement are signs of the probable spots where the statues of two emperors stood. The inscription says about restoration conducted in...

Curia Julia (Senate House) and Lapis Niger

The big stone construction of Curia Julia was brought to the light in the 30's of this century after the 7th century church Chiesa di S.Adriano, erected over it, was destroyed. During the Roman Republic, Roman senators met together in their senate house, which was known as the curia, a building whose history predates the Republic. Caesar built it to substitute demolished by...

Arch of Septimius Severus (Arco di Settimio Severo)

This arch was erected in 203 in honor of emperor Settimius Severus and his sons Caracalla and Geta (the name of the latter was deleted from inscription, when Caracalla killed him in 211). The arch is 21m high and 23m large. Inscriptions and four relieves on the minor arches celebrate the victories of Settimius Severus and his sons over the Arabs, Parthians and Adiabenians....

Rostra (Rostri)

In front of the Arch of Settimius Severus are the remains of Imperial Rostra, i.e. orator's tribune, the one from which Cicero proclaimed 14 orations against Marcus Antonius declaring him the public enemy of Rome, and to which the head and the hand of the orator were attached, after Marcus Antonius ordered to murder the rebellion. It was brought from its original site in front...

Column of Foca or Phocas (Colonna di Foca)

This column was erected by exarch of Rome Smeraldus in 608, in honor of emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, Foca (Phocas). It is thought that it was him to present Pantheon to the pope St Boniface IV to adapt it for the church, thus saving this exceptional monument from the destruction. The column of Foca is the last honorary monument erected on the Forum Romanum. It was...

Temple of Saturn (Tempio di Saturno)

The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was one of the most ancient and venerated temples of the Republican Rome, the Saturnian rites were celebrated here, and the treasure of the State was conserved under the podium; that is why it was also called Aerarium. A forepart leaned on the front of the facade (all that remains is the threshold of the door that opened...

Basilica Emilia (Aemilia)

The Basilica Emilia (Aemilia) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) took the name from the Emilia family, which members many times took care about its restoration and embellishment. It was initially called Fulvia or Fulvia Aemilia and was restored several times by members of the Aemilia Gens, from which it took its definitive name. The construction is 70m long, 29m wide and was...

Basilica Julia (Giulia)

This Basilica Julia (Giulia) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) is symmetrical to Basilica Emilia and was built by Julius Caesar in 46 b.C. on the site of the previous Basilica Sempronia (170 b.C.). Its dimensions are 101m x 49m. Basilica Julia was restored by Diocletian in 305 and for the last time by the prefect of the city Gabinius Vettius Probianus in 416 A.D. after the sack...

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina (Tempio di Antonino e Faustina) - Church of San Lorenzo in Miranda

The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina (Tempio di Antonino e Faustina) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was built in honor of the dying wife of emperor, Faustina, and in 161 A.D, after the death of Antoninus, was dedicated to both of them, as this couple was deified. In the 7th century it was transformed in the church. But in 1536 the elements of Christian church were deleted to...

Temple of Romolus (Tempio di Romolo)

Temple of Romolus (Tempio di Romolo) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) is a little octagonal construction which should be recognized as the Temple of the Suffered, rather than the temple which emperor Maxentius dedicated to the memory of his son Romulus died in 309 and buried on Via Appia. The bronze door is original. Interior is made of round hall with the two cells in the...

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri)

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri) Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was built in 484 b.C. by the dictator Aulus Postumius in honour of the twin heroes Castor and Pollux, whose miraculous appearance at the battle of Lake Regillus in 496 b.C. brought victory to the Romans. The site for the temple was chosen close to the Basin...

House of Vestals (Vestal Virgins) and Temple of Vesta

House of Vestals (Vestal Virgins) and Temple of Vesta The beautiful large rectangular House of Vestals or Vestal Virgins (Casa delle Vestali/ Atrium Vestae) of virgin guards of the sacred fire, four or six privileged and venerated priestess, who were chosen by the head of the State between the six and ten years old girls from the patrician families, who served for 30 years keeping the vow of chastity, of which ten years she was...

Temple of Caesar (Divine Julius)/ Tempio di Cesare (o del Divo Giulio)

Close to the Temple of Vesta, on the site where the body of murdered Julius Caesar was cremated and where Marcus Antonius pronounced his famous funeral oration, the Senate erected an altar. In 29 b.C. Octavian (Augustus) dedicated a newly built temple (pictured). It was little construction on a podium, decorated with the rostra and containing a colossal statue of Caesar. In...

Temple of Venus and Rome (Tempio di Venere e Roma)

This is the greatest temple of the ancient Rome; its dimensions are 145m x 100m. It was erected by Hadrian and, as the legend says, by his own project strongly influenced by Greek architecture, in 121 A.D., to honor the main divinities of the empire: Venus (the mother of Aeneas, ancestor of the Gens Julia, founder of Empire) and Roma (deified idea of the city of Rome and its...

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito)

Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was erected by Domitian in honor of his father Vespasian and brother Titus, starting from 81 A.D. He wanted particularly celebrate their victories in the Judaean War and conquering of Jerusalem by Titus in 70 A.D. Thus this monument could be considered as an exceptional historical proof of the...