Parks, Castles and Monasteries

Roman Forum or Forum Romanum (Foro Romano)

The Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) occupies the plain zone between three hills: Palatine, Capitoline and Quirinal. Its birth corresponds to aggregation of the new hills and villages around it, which made necessary creation of the place of commercial, political and cultural exchange. They have chosen this site after it was reclaimed by construction of the Cloaca...

The complex of Palazzo di Domiziano (Domitian Palace) on the Palatine Hill

In the last years of the 1st century after Christ, the south eastern area of the Palatino hill sees the construction of the large quarter of the Domizianei palaces with the complexes of the "Stadium of Domiziano", of the "Domus Flavia" and of the "Domus Augustana". It occupies nearly the whole of the Palatine Hill and consists of a number of buildings that were planned by...

House of Livia (Casa di Livia) on the Palatine Hill

It was a simple house in which emperor Augustus lived for 40 years with the modesty that his successors never knew. The Palatine hill was a residence zone preferred by the rich and noble representative of Roman society. Augustus enlarged his house and decorated its walls with the paintings. It bears the name of Livia, wife of Augustus. The House of Livia (Casa di Livia) at...

House of Romulus (Capanne di Romolo/ Casa di Romolo)

A number of excavations conducted in this zone of Palatine Hill revealed an inhabited area compound of huts, which existed here since 9th-8th centuries b.C., the time of foundation of Rome and legend about Romulus and Remus, its founders. Not far from this primitive village were discovered the ruins of some wells and two archaic cisterns (6th century b.C.). (Photo Credit:...

Palace of Septimius Severus (Settimio Severo/ Domus Severiana) on the Palatine Hill

On entering the complex from Via di San Gregorio, head uphill on the Palatine Hill until you come to the first recognizable construction, the Stadium of Domitian (Stadio di Domiziano). Adjoining the stadium are the scant remains of the complex built by Septimius Severus, comprising baths (Terme di Settimio Severo) and a palace (Domus Severiana ). Palace of Septimius Severus/...

Paedagogium or Boarding School on the Palatine Hill

The Alexamenos graffito (also known as the graffito blasfemo is an inscription carved in plaster on a wall near the Palatine Hill in Rome, now in the Palatine Antiquarium Museum. The graffito was discovered in 1857 when a building called the domus Gelotiana was unearthed on the Palatine Hill. The emperor Caligula had acquired the house for the imperial palace, which, after...

Sacred Area and Church of Sant'Omobono

The Church of Sant'Omobono was built over pre-existent San Salvatore in Portico. The church is located in the zone of very ancient sacred area previously occupied by temples dating from the Republican epoch (9th-8th centuries b.C.); and the traces of human life dating from 1500 b.C.. It was reconstructed by Corporation of Tailors in 1574 on the site of ancient church of...

Arch of Moneylenders/ Arco degli Argentari/ Arcus Argentariorum

Arcus Argentariorum is a little arch erected by bankers exchange agents (argentari) and cattle-dealers of the Foro Boario (the cattle market located in this zone) in honour of Settimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna and their sons Geta and Caracalla in 204. It is characterized by excessively elaborated decorations showing the degrade of the artisan art. The names of Geta,...

Temple of Portunus or Fortune (Tempio di Portuno/ Fortuna Virilis)

Temple of Portunus or Fortune (Tempio di Portuno/ Fortuna Virilis) This temple was also ironically named "of Fortuna Virilis". Portunus is a divinity of a river port which once was located in this zone. The temple was erected in the 6th century b.C., but its present look dates from the 2nd century b.C.. It is a fine example of Greek-Roman architecture. It represents one of the best kept building of Ancient Rome. The Tempio di Portuno (Temple...

Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner)

This is the most ancient marble temple in Rome; it has circular plan surrounded by 20 Corinthian columns. The temple was built in the end of the 2nd century b.C. It was used as a church with the name S.Stefano delle Carrozze, and later, S.Maria del Sole. The Temple of Hercules Victor (Hercules the Winner or Hercules the Conqueror) (Italian: Tempio di Ercole Vincitore) or...

Circus Maximus (Circo Massimo)

It is thought that the Circus, located in the Valle Murcia, between the Palatine and the Aventine Hills, existed already before the 4th century b.C. and was used for the horse races and horse competitions first by Tarquinius Priscus in 600 b.C.; and that the famous rape of the Sabines took place right here. It was the greatest construction for the entertainment every built,...

Tower of Little Mill/ Monkey Tower (Torre dei Frangipane/ Scimmia/ Moletta)

This tower was also named Torre della Moletta (Tower of little Mill) because of a water mill existed here in the Middle Ages, which used the Acqua Mariana, which came from the Porta Metronia through the Circus Maximus in direction of Tiber. The tower made part of the system of fortifications of the powerful medieval Frangipane family, which possessed other fortresses built on...

Via di San Gregorio (San Gregorio Street)

This street was laid out over the tract of ancient Via Triumphalis, between Celian hill (Celio) and Palatine Hills. The Palatine hill (Palatino) overlooking the Roman Forum is home to a number of palaces dating from the 1st century AD. Passing the gigantic Arch of Constantine across Via di San Gregorio you will find the "back exit" to the Roman Forum. Its present look was...

Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre (Anfiteatro Flavio o Colosseo)

It took only eight years to erect the greatest monument of ancient Rome. Its original name is Flavian Amphitheatre, because of the form of the construction as an amphitheatre and because it was built by emperors of the Flavian dynasty: Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. Vespasian begun it in 72 A.D., Titus completed the works in 80 A.D. and Domitian added the higher steps and some...

Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano)

The Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano) were executed by Apollodorus of Damascus in only five years and built by Traiano (Trajan) in 109 AD on the project of Apollodoro di Damasco, the most famous architect of that era. The huge complex of the Baths of Trajan required the construction of a massive cistern known since the Middle Ages as “Seven Rooms” which, almost perfectly...