Parks, Castles and Monasteries

Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati in Laterano: Basilica/ Church/ Monastery

Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati in Laterano: Basilica/ Church/ Monastery The name of the Basilica/ Church and Monastery of Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati (Chiesa dei SS.Quattro Coronati/ Basilica dei Santi Quattro Coronati al laterano) refers to some stories about four martyrs that could be or a group of sculptors from the Roman province of Pannonia near the Danube martyred by Diocletian because of refuse to sculpture pagan divinity of Aesculapius,...

Temple of Claudius (Tempio di Claudio)

The 4th wife of Claudius, Agrippina, decided to erect a temple in the honor of her husband died in 54 and deified. Her son emperor Nero interrupted the works and built on its site a nympheum from where the water supplied by aqueduct of Claudius-Nero was flowing into the lake of Nero's Domus Aurea (where Colosseum stand now). It was raised on the west side of the Celio but at...

Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio)

The Basilica of SS. Giovanni e Paolo stands over a complex comprising several Roman houses of different periods. According to tradition, this was the dwelling of John and Paul, both of whom, having suffered martyrdom by execution were buried on the site of their own house (362 AD). During the third century AD, these different properties were combined under a single owner and...

Villa Celimontana (Previously Villa Mattei): Park, Garden, Festival, Geographic Society

Previously it was Villa dei Mattei, dukes of Giove, acquired in 1553 by Giacomo and arranged by Ciriaco Mattei. The latter created gardens and picked a collection of ancient marbles; had G.Del Duca build a house in 1581-1586 and finally obtained from the Senators of Rome a 12m high Egyptian obelisk as a present. The obelisk stood beside the Convent of Aracoeli on the...

Arch of Dolabella and Silanus & Church of San Tommaso in Formis

Arch of Dolabella and Silanus (Arco di Dolabella e Silano) Originally Arch of Dolabella and Silanus (Arco di Dolabella e Silano) was one of the city entrances built in the walls protecting the city in Republican epoch and restored by Augustus. Dolabella and Silanus (10 A.D.) were the magistrates responsible for reconstruction of this gate which might bore the name Porta...

Casino (Casina) of Cardinal Bessarione

Casino of Cardinal Bessarione (Casina del Cardinal Bessarione) was built in the 15th century and served as a summer house of famous cardinal Giovanni Bessarione. Rare example of a Renaissance suburban villa, it stands in an area rich of testimonies of the imperial republican era. At the junction between the via Appia and via Latina, at number 7 di Porta S. Sebastiano, stands a...