"Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 19th May 2011
The Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) in front of basilica of S.Maria Maggiore was projected by Sixtus V as a cross point of three streets, but now only two of them left and serve mostly for the traffic directed to Railways station. The column in the center of it named Colonna della Pace (Column of Peace) was erected by Paul V in 1614. It is made of Himmetian marble and is 14,3m high; it comes from the Basilica di Massenzio, which bore in that epoch the name Temple of Peace, and has on its top a statue of Virgin, by G.Berthelot. The basement with an eagles and bronze dragons of Borghese's coat-of-arms was realized by C.Maderno.
The Fontana di Piazza S. Maria Maggiore (Fountain of Saint Mary Major) is placed at the foot of a colossal fluted column with a Corinthian capital, coming from the Basilica of Maxentius. It was built in 1614 by Carlo Maderno in front of the Basilica Liberiana (Saint Mary Major) to support the sculpture of the Virgin by Berthélot. The following year Maderno himself built the fountain, consisting of an oblong pond with a circular basin rising from its centre on a baluster. The eagles decorating the pond are the heraldic coat of arms of Paolo the Fifth Borghese, who commissioned the work, while the dragons that once decorated the long sides of the pond, another coat of arms of the Borghese family, have gone lost.
Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana)
Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore, Via Liberiana, 27
00185, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Monti (Colosseo-S.Giovanni-S.Maria Maggiore) (Roma centro)/ Rione Esquilino (Termini-Via Nazionale) (Roma centro)
Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major Square) and Its Fountain (Fontana) is Shown By "Map F Zone" As "20"
More details: Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum