"Piazza Farnese & Its Two Twin Fountains of Piazza Farnese" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Friday 10th June 2011
The Piazza Farnese (Farnese Square) was created after Palazzo Farnese was built and a street leading to Campo de'Fiori was laid out. In the epoch of imperial Rome, this site was a seat of one of the factions of the Circo Flaminio (a good mosaic representing a horse race was discovered beneath Palazzo Farnese). The square was also named "Piazza del Duca" and served, apart from weekly market of horses, for the feasts of French ambassadors. For the whole of the 19th century it was a meeting place and a point of engagement of the working hands by the country workers and land owners.
The square is overlooked by the palace of the same name, one of the most beautiful buildings of 16th century in Rome. Sometimes the square was converted into a lake using the water of the fountains. This original tradition was then inherited by Piazza Navona.
Piazza Farnese is characterized by two twin fountains attributed to G.Rainaldi (1626); they are made of two baths of Egyptian granite brought from the Baths of Caracalla in the 16th century, that before being adapted for the fountains were used by the Farnese as a type of "royal box" for the spectacles held in the square. The fountains are fed by the Acqua Paola and are the decoration of the square, dominated by the imposing Renaissance palace of the Farnese family, today the residence of the French Embassy.
The large dull-grey granite ponds decorated with rings and lion headsare identical in shape and came from the Thermae of Caracalla. In 1466 they were in Piazza Venezia in front of Palazzo di San Marco. At the time of Paul the Third Farnese (1534-1549) one of the two ponds was moved to the centre of the square, while the second was added in 1580. The arrangement of the two fountains is attributed to Girolamo Rainaldi and was done in 1626. It consists of a travertine pond that contains the Roman pond decorated with a pod-shaped motif supporting a lily, coat of arms of the Farnese family, from which waterpours through four masks into the Roman ponds and then into the basins below.
Piazza Farnese & Its Two Twin Fountains of Piazza Farnese
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Regola (Campo de' Fiori-Piazza Farnese) (Roma centro)
Piazza Farnese & Its Two Twin Fountains of Piazza Farnese is Shown By "Map H Zone" As "15"