"Piazza Venezia (Venice Square)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 11th May 2011
The present busy square of rectangular form 130m x 75m, junction of the main city arteries: Via del Corso, Via del Plebescito, Via Battisti, Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via del Tatro di Marcello, was quite different in the past. It was a modest little square where Via del Corso arrived and then went in different directions along narrow streets. On the four of its sides were Palazzo Venezia, Palazzetto Venezia, Palazzo Nepoti, Palazzo Torlonia and Palazzo d'Aste Bonaparte. The name of the square emphasized the political and architectonic importance of Palazzo Venezia.
From here it's only a short walk to some of Rome's most famous sights like the Campidoglio, the Forum Romanum and the Pantheon. The piazza is at the foot of the Capitoline Hill and near the Roman Forum.
Close to the palace we can find Palazzetto Venezia that was reconstructed in 1882 and placed in the current location.
On the sqare, opposite to the palace we can observe the building of Assicurazioni Generali (insurance company) that replaced old structures. On the southern side of the piazza the outstanding Monument of Victor Emanuel II ('Il Vittoriano') can be easily spotted: it was build between 1855 and 1911 to celebrate the Italian Unification. The construction of the immense white marble monument - built on the side of the Capitoline Hill completely changed the appearance of the square, which at the same time was drastically enlarged. The construction of the Monument to Victor Emmanuel II caused destruction of Convent of the Chiesa di S.Maria in Aracoeli and of Palace of Paul III, transfer of the Palazzetto Venezia to its present position and general enlargement of the square. All this changes took place in a period between 1885 and 1911.
On the opposite side (north) we can see the Palazzo Bonaparte (home of Napoleon's mother) and Palazzo delle Aste with via del Corso in between. Close to the Palazzo Venezia stands San Marco Church, founded in 1336 by the Pope Marco, restored in 1792 and rebuilt in 1833 (the tower is the only original part of the church).
The roof-loggia is perfectly preserved and remind us of those days in which that old lady could observe the passerby without being seen. On Christmans in the middle of the square rises a colourful Christmas tree which is a pendant to the one in St.Peter square and which gives a special flavor to the already splendid flowered lawn.
Piazza Venezia (Venice Square)
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trevi (Quirinale-Tritone-Barberini) (Roma centro) / Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)
Piazza Venezia (Venice Square) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "130"
Bus: 40 - 46 - 60 - 62 - 63 - 64 - 70 - 81 - 87 - 186 - 492 - 628 - 810