Piermarini, Giuseppe (1734-1808)

"Piermarini, Giuseppe (1734-1808)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Giuseppe Piermarini, Italian architect, was born and died in Foligno in 1734-1808. His activity took place mostly in Milan where he moved in 1769 following G.Vanvitelli, of who he was a pupil in Rome and collaborator in construction of Reggia di Caserta (1765-1769). Vanvitelli en-charged the young architect in reconstruction of the ancient Palazzo Ducale (1770-1780), which was the beginning of Piermarini's career. In 1779 at the top of his fame Giuseppe was nominated the architect of Milan's court; in 1776 he became a professor in the Academy of Brera and worked here for 20 years. In Milan he was assigned as a controller of the city projects and construction. He created also the projects of the public gardens (1787-1788), arrangement of various zones of the city center (piazza Fontana, 1780-1782) which brought as a consequence some negative aspects: demolition of the church of Santa Maria alla Scala and of the gate del Naviglio in corso Roma. Put aside by the political events Piermarini returned to Foligno where conducted quite limited activity: project for the Cappella del Sacramento in the church of San Lorenzo a Spello (1793); interventions in the Cathedral of Foligno.

The enormous success obtained by the architect, who was considered as one of the most authoritative representatives of Italian neo-classicism, is due to the intelligence with which he found the ways to insert new constructions into the already existing urbanistic arrangement, as well as harmonious solutions in the projects of prestigious (University of Pavia, 1770; Teatro alla Scala in Milan, 1776-1778; Palazzo di Brera e Orto botanico, 1779; Villa Reale di Monza, 1780), private (Palazzo Greppi, 1772-1778; Palazzo Belgioioso, 1772-1781; Palazzo del Monte di Pieta' in Milan, 1782; Villa Borromeo in Cassano d'Adda, 1780-1785) and public (orphanage of San Pietro in Gessate, 1770-1777; Palazzo del Monte di Santa Teresa in Milan, 1782; Accademia di Mantova, 1770-1772) constructions.

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