"Porta (Gate) Ardeatina and Via Ardeatina Road" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Saturday 16th July 2011
Ardeatina Gate (Porta Ardeatina) was opened in 1939 as the beginning of the Via Cristoforo Colombo, which leads to the sea and in that epoch was named "Imperiale". The name of the gate derives from an ancient Porta Ardeatina, which was destroyed in 1538 by A.da Sangallo the Younger, together with a long tract of the imperial walls, for the construction of the nearby bastion. The ancient gate Porta Ardeatina was modest because the road beginning from here, Via Ardeatina, didn't have any particular importance, unlike the modern Porta Ardeatina, which has four large arch-ways and gives a start to one of the most important roads of Rome.
The Porta Ardeatina is one of the gates in the Aurelian Walls of Rome. It is between the Porta San Sebastiano (known originally as the Porta Appia) and the Porta San Paolo. By the 8th century this gate was closed. Today it is little more than a "window," with the portals of the Via Cristoforo Colombo nearby.
The walk along Aurelian Walls between San Sebastiano gate and Ardeatina gate is very interesting and it offers great views: the walls are south facing and not overwhelmed by nearby buildings. The towers are placed at a distance of a hundred Roman feet (the Roman foot is very slightly shorter than the English one). This measure was a module for Roman architects in the sense that it can be found in many buildings and also in the design of castra, the square military encampments.
The magnificent complex of St.Callistus Catacombs (Catacombe di S. Callisto) has three ways. The first is from the via Appia Antica and via Ardeatina crossroads; the second is on the right side of via Appia Antica, just before the Catacombe di S. Sebastiano; the third is on via delle Sette Chiese. At the crossroads between the via Appia and the via Ardeatina, on the left, stands a little church known as Domine Quo Vadis. Opposite the “Domine quo Vadis” church, at the crossroads between the via Appia and the via Ardeatina, stands the sepulchre that is thought Tito Flavio Abascanto, influential liberto of the emperor Domitianus, had built for his wife Priscilla, who died young and whose funeral is described by the poet Statius (Silvae, V,1).
Porta (Gate) Ardeatina and Via Ardeatina Road
00179 Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Ardeatino District (south of Rome)
Porta (Gate) Ardeatina and Via Ardeatina Road is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "90"