Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio)

"Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 5th July 2011

The Basilica of SS. Giovanni e Paolo stands over a complex comprising several Roman houses of different periods. According to tradition, this was the dwelling of John and Paul, both of whom, having suffered martyrdom by execution were buried on the site of their own house (362 AD). During the third century AD, these different properties were combined under a single owner and transformed into an elegant pagan house characterised by finely-decorated rooms.

archaeological area under the Basilica of San Giovanni e Paolo layout of archaeological area under the Basilica of San Giovanni e Paolo
Case Romane del Celio (Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio) below the Basilica of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo is the property of the Ministry of Internal Affairs [Fondo Edifici di Culto (F.E.C.)], were reopened to the public on 16 January 2002. The restoration of the Roman houses was carried out by a team of specialists and technicians supervised by the Soprintendenza Archeologica of Rome and by the Soprintendenza per i Beni Artistici, Storici e Demoantropologici. These specialists not only saved the buildings from their ruinous state but also preserved their precious paintings, the survival of which was threatened as a result of the particular micro-climatic condition of the hypogean rooms.

At the beginning of the fourth century AD the house became a meeting place for the Christian community of the area and at the end of the same century it became a sanctuary and here the believers came and venerated the tombs of the martyrs.
Antiquarium of Celio inside the Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio)
The sequence of decorated rooms and the maze of stratified structures cut through by the foundations of the church, reveal aspects of Roman daily life with an interesting blend of cultural themes. This monument originated in a variety of building types including an insula or apartment block for artisans, and a wealthy domus, which was subsequently converted into an early Christian church.

Some parts of the building were altered to the needs of the cult and a new room was created: it had a small window (fenestrella confessionis) and from here the faithful could see the tombs of the martyrs. The walls of this room were decorated with a cycle of frescos dating back to the mid-fourth century. In the fourth century the church was built: the upper floors of the house were destroyed and the ground floor filled in, thus allowing the rooms to be preserved.

Address:
Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio)
Clivo di Scauro (Piazza dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo)
00184, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Celio (Terme di Caracalla) (Roma centro)
Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio (Case Romane del Celio) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "75"
Hours: The monument is open every day, except Tuesday and Wednesday, 10.00 am - 1.00 pm/3.00 pm - 6.00 pm Admittance to the monument is permitted every thirty minutes. Guided visits are available on Saturdays and Sundays. No reservation for individuals visitors and small groups of up to 10 persons is required unless a guided visit is asked for. Advance booking is required for: groups of 15 - 25 persons, guided visits, evening openings.
Underground Metro: B (Circo Massimo)
Bus: 60, 75, 81,175,673
Tram: 3
Entrance: full price: 6,00 €, reduced price applicable to young visitors of 12 to 18 years, persons over 65 years, and students: 4,00 €, children under 12 years accompanied by an adult: free of charge, guided visit for groups: 100,00 €< booking rights: 20,00 €.
Tel: +39 06 70 45 45 44 (Monday to Friday 10.00 am - 1.00 pm/3.00 pm - 6.00 pm.)
Fax: +39 06 77 20 19 75
Email: i...@caseromane.it (Information), pren...@spazioliberocoop.it (Booking)
Ministry of Internal Affairs [Fondo Edifici di Culto (F.E.C.)] website: http://www.interno.it/mininterno/export/sites/default/en/
Soprintendenza Archeologica of Rome website: http://www.beniculturali.it/
Case Romane del Celio (Roman Houses and Antiquarium of Celio) website: http://www.caseromane.it/en/index_en.html

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