San Gallicano Hospital (NIHMP/ INMP) & Church

"San Gallicano Hospital (NIHMP/ INMP) & Church" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Sunday 26th June 2011

San Gallicano Hospital (NIHMP/ INMP) & Church

Benedict XIII had a wish to resolve an old Roman problem: medical assistance to the people ill with scabies, ringworm and similar to them infections that often were refused to be cured by other hospitals. The initiative was improved by Benedict XIV who used a legacy of famous medical doctor and philanthrope G.M.Lancisi, as well as the property of those who died without a will for the construction and development of this hospital. The architect creator of S.Gallicano was F.Raguzzini in 1725, in the center of it was an old church of S.Maria e S.Gallicano and from it two wings (one for men, one for women) went in different directions.

facade of Church of San Gallicano.jpg San Gallicano Hospital at Via di San Gallicano
Designed by Philip Raguzzini in the third decade of 1700, is one of the best examples of sanitary engineering at that time. Visit the church and the "Anatomical Theatre": a semicircular room devoted to teaching anatomy and dermatology, richly decorated in the course of 1800.

The church annexed to the hospital is dedicated to Santa Maria and San Gallicano. It was built after a project by the architect Filippo Raguzzini from Campania, author of the San Gallicano hospital, and represents the model for the hospital architecture of the time (mid-eighteenth-century). The longitudinal development is livened up in the middle by the church’s volume that, with elegant and measured objects, is divided up by pilaster strips on a high basement. Inside the church is the portrait of the devoted saint on the altar, by Filippo Evangelisti. The hospital substituted the antique one of San Lazzaro. Both buildings had been consecrated on the 6th of October 1726 by Pope Benedetto XIII.
San Gallicano Hospital.jpg Church of San Gallicano.jpg
The building is an extremely significant work for the early eighteenth-century years and it was considered a fundamental step in the evolution of health care architecture. The first historical information dates back to the beginning of the twentieth century. At that time numerous texts provided new elements for studies about the evolution of health care centres, both from an “ecclesiastical commemorative” point of view and from a lay perspective related to the Roman architecture of the eighteenth century.

On April 8, 2002 the Bambini in Emergenza Foundation inaugurated, at the San Gallicano hospital, located in the Trastevere quarter in Rome, eight new out-patient clinics and medical offices, a new obstetric and gynaecological facility, ten office to manage the Complex Facility for Preventive Medicine of Tourism and Migrations for Cultural Mediators, sector workers and documentation, a new paediatric medical study, having a large waiting room with games and toys for children, and the centenarian garden, which was restored from the terrible state in which it had been left for many years.

The relevance of the new hospital and its importance for the city was soon appreciated and pointed out by the contemporaries who provide us with first-hand evidence. The first monograph publication “Breve ragguaglio dello Spedale nuovamente eretto in Roma dalla Santità di Sig.re Benedetto XIII sotto il titolo di Santa Maria e San Gallicano”, dates back to the initial construction and was printed to celebrate the event.

Further evidence of the hospital’s outstanding excellence lays in the Ordinamento of 1826 by Pope Leone XIII which established the obligation for the students of medicine to attend the dermatology lessons in its elegant Anatomy Theatre. The large oval room was a work of the architect Palazzi and its creation is due both to the development of medical needs and events and to the celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the hospital.

National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (NIHMP)/ Istituto Nazionale per la promozione della salute delle popolazioni Migranti e per il contrasto delle malattie della Povertà (INMP)

NIHMP represents the development of the scientific, clinical, training and research work started in the early Eighties in the Department of Preventive Medicine of Migration, Tourism and Tropical Dermatology of the Institute for Dermatologic and Sexually Transmitted Diseases “Santa Maria e San Gallicano” of IFO Hospitals in Rome.

For more than 20 years San Gallicano Institute has offered reception, health care, scientific research and specialized training aimed at controlling poverty-related diseases and improving the health conditions of migrants, asylum seekers, victims of trafficking, homeless and nomads. The Institute was recognized as the “Referral Centre for Latium Region and its Health Agencies for the education and training of social and health workers dealing with migrants’ health care” (Regional Resolution n. 1358 of 15 April 1998).
Ospedale (Hospital) San Gallicano, Now NIHMP or INMP.
Since March 28, 2002 (Regional Resolution n. 387) the San Gallicano Institute is the “Territorial Centre for Hansen Disease” and on July 30, 2004 (Regional Resolution n. 693), it became the “Regional Referral Centre for the health care promotion of migrants, homeless, nomads and people at risk of social exclusion”. More recently (Paragraph 827 of Art. 1 of Law 27 December 2006, n. 296), the National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty took over the Regional Referral Centre for the health care of migrants, homeless, nomads and people at risk of social exclusion of the Institute for Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases “Santa Maria e San Gallicano”.

On 3 August 2007, in compliance with the provisions of Law 296/2006 (art. 1, paragraph 827), Hon. Livia Turco passed a decree to acknowledge the results of the preparatory works performed with the Regional representatives and, in agreement with them, to formally establish NHIMP. In accordance with the decree “it is a public institution with juridical status and with autonomous organizational, administrative, patrimonial, accounting and technical functions, under the supervision of the Ministry of Health”. Furthermore, the decree provides that:

  1. NIHMP is structured in:
    • The National Headquarters in Rome, Via di San Gallicano 25/A
    • Regional Centres appointed by the Ministry of Health in Latium, Apulia and Sicily Regions upon preliminary nomination by the respective Regions.
  2. The Centres are identified as follows:
    • For Latium Region, the Department of Preventive Medicine of Migration, Tourism and Tropical Dermatology of the IRCCS Institute for Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases “Santa Maria e San Gallicano” in Rome;
    • For Apulia Region, a department of the Hospital “Tatarella” in Cerignola (FG);
    • For Sicily Region, a department of the Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio” in Agrigento.
  3. The human and instrumental resources to be allotted to each Regional Centre, will be defined by subsequent decree of the Minister of Health, based on the proposals of the respective Regions.

Address:
San Gallicano Hospital (NIHMP) & Church (Ospedale e Chiesa di S.Gallicano)
Piazza di Santa Rufina, 10 (Via di San Gallicano)
00153, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trastevere (Gianicolo) (Roma centro)
San Gallicano Hospital & Church (Ospedale e Chiesa di S.Gallicano) is Shown By "Map J Zone" As "32"
Telephone (Church): 0039 06 585431. Visible upon request only.

Contact - San Gallicano Hospital - Newly Formed: National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (NIHMP) [Eng.]/ Istituto Nazionale per la promozione della salute delle popolazioni Migranti e per il contrasto delle malattie della Povertà (INMP) [Italian]
Via di S. Gallicano 25/a - 00153 Rome, Italy
tel. +39 (0)6 5854 3739
fax +39 (0)6 5854 3686 or +39 (0)6 4550 3114
e-mail: i...@inmp.it
Website: http://www.inmp.it/index.php/eng

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