Sangallo's Bastion & San Paolo Port (Bastione del Sangallo and Porta San Paolo/ Ostiense)

"Sangallo's Bastion & San Paolo Port (Bastione del Sangallo and Porta San Paolo/ Ostiense)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Sunday 26th June 2011

Porta Ostiense or Porta San Paolo

The bastion was created by A.da Sangallo the Younger for the pope Paul III in 1537-1540 in terms of the project, which was later abandoned, to remake completely the fortified walls around Rome to protect the city against probable Muslim aggression. In this case the wall of Aventine Hill had to reach Porta S.Paolo. But the works were stopped for the economical reasons.

Sangallo's Bastion (Bastione del Sangallo)
The walk along the Walls between Porta S. Sebastiano and Porta S. Paolo is very interesting and offers great views: the walls are south facing and not overwhelmed by nearby buildings. Near Via Cristoforo Colombo there is one of the smaller gates which was opened from time to time. This gate was called Porta Ardeatina.

The Sack of Rome in 1527 by the German mercenary troops of Charles V led the Popes to worry about the defence of Rome. The Aurelian walls not only were ruined in many points but were built before the use of gunpowder and artillery. Paulus III entrusted Antonio da Sangallo the Younger with the task of modernizing the walls of Rome. Sangallo built a large bastion commanding both Via Appia and Via Ostiense, but the cost was such that Paulus III gave up the project.
Walls between Porta S. Sebastiano and Porta S. Paolo.

Porta San Paolo gate was previously called Porta Ostiense belonged to the city walls built by Aurelius, and together with Porta S.Sebastiano it is one of the best conserved city gates of Rome. The aspect of the side facing the city is original created in times of Aurelius (271-275). The external aspect was given to the construction by Honorius who reduced two original barrel-vaults to only one with the purpose of facilitation of defense, he also built two cylindrical towers on both sides.

Close to the Porta S.Paolo is located a Museum of Via Ostiense dedicated to the story of this ancient road leading from Rome to the port of Ostia. Out of the city walls and near by the gate the Ostia train station stands, which connects Rome and Ostia by train. This railway was built in 1924. It is also noted for the fact that it served to meet Hitler in occasion of his visit in Rome in May of 1938.

Walls between Porta S. Sebastiano and Porta S. Paolo

The Porta San Paolo is one of the southern gates in the 3rd-century Aurelian Walls of Rome, Italy. Next to the wonderful Stazione di Porta San Paolo by the architect Piacentini, the ATAC Railway Museum Park (Polo Museale ATAC - Parco Museo Ferroviario) tells the story of trains in Rome and its surroundings through the permanent exhibition of historical carriages, representative of the main societies preceding the present Met.Ro (Stefer, Sefi, Sfv, Roma Nord, etc.), that had been very important in the past for the connections between Rome and its Lido, Viterbo, Fiuggi and the Castelli Romani. Also the Museum of Ostiense (Museo della Via Ostiense) was founded in 1954 and is set up in the rooms annexed to Porta Ostiense or Porta San Paolo. The Ostiense Museum is housed within in the gatehouse of Porta San Paolo. Just to the west is the Pyramid of Cestius, an Egyptian-style pyramid, and beyond that is the Protestant Cemetery.
gatehouse of Porta Ostiense or Porta San Paolo.jpg
Footnote:
Bastione (Eng.: bastion) is a projecting part of a fortification built at an angle to the line of a wall, so as to allow defensive fire in several directions. A natural rock formation resembling such a fortification.

Address:
Sangallo's Bastion & San Paolo Port (Bastione del Sangallo and Porta San Paolo/ Ostiense)
Piazza di Porta San Paolo (Via Raffaele Persichetti)
00153, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Ripa (Circo Massimo-Bocca Verità-Aventino) (Roma centro)/ Rione San Saba (Piramide) (Roma centro)
Sangallo's Bastion & San Paolo Port (Bastione del Sangallo and Porta San Paolo/ Ostiense) is Shown By "Map J Zone" As "45 and 57"
Bus: 23-44-95-280-170-716-781

Ref.: http://utenti.quipo.it/romeartlover/Vasi10.htm

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