Sansovino (1486-1570) (Jacopo Tatti)

"Sansovino (1486-1570) (Jacopo Tatti)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Jacopo Tatti, named Sansovino, Italian architect and sculptor, was born in Florence in 1486 and died in Venice in 1570. He was a pupil of Andrea Sansovino, from who took the nick name. In 1506-1511 and in 1516-1527, the artist went to Rome and participated in the theoretic and practical debate about the architecture, where the main roles were played by Bramante, Raphael and G.d.Sangallo. In the meanwhile Sansovino was occupied with the following works: Bacco (collaboration with Michelangelo) (1512, Florence, Mus.del Bargello); San Giacomo Apostolo (Florence, Duomo); monument to the cardinal Sant'Angelo (church San Marcello); facade of Santa Maria del Fiore (collaboration with Andrea del Sarto) (1514, Florence). In 1519 Sansovino won the contest for the church of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini in Rome, but his scheme with the central plan was abandoned very soon.
sansovino libreria
In 1527, after the sack of Rome, he went to Venice and in 1529 began his venetian activity with the four highly significant works: the High Altar of the Great School of San Marco (circa 1533); the new School of the Misericordia (since 153); the church San Francesco della Vigna (since 1534) and Palazzo Corner a San Maurizio (since 1533). When the city of Venice decided to renew its center (piazza San Marco), with the intention to make its look appropriate to the symbols of the civil liberty, it was Sansovino, who was chosen to change the "heart" of the city.

Since 1537 he was encharged to erect the main buildings of the new urbanistic arrangement: Libreria Marciana (see on the right); Zecca; Loggetta del campanile. The balance between classicism and Venetian tradition was achieved through the successful study of the urbanistic space conception. The other masterpiece of Sansovino was Villa Garzoni (see below) in Pontecasale (since circa 1540), projected as a factory. Sansovino should be considered as the main personality in Venetian art in the 16th century.
sansovino villa
The other architectural creations of the artist were Palazzo Dolfin (1536-1540); the church of San Maurizio; the New Factories of Rialto (circa 1555); Golden Stair-case in the Palazzo Ducale (1544); presbytery of San Fantin (1549-1564); the facade of San Giuliano ( after 1552); Ospedale degli Incurabili (from 1560), in which he inserted the church of the oval form.

The most famous sculpture works created by Sansovino are: Madonna, il Bambino e San Giovannino (1537-1540) for the Loggetta del campanile, and bronze relieves for the choir and the door of the Sagresty in San Marco.

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