Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri)

"Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 29th June 2011

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)

Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was built in 484 b.C. by the dictator Aulus Postumius in honour of the twin heroes Castor and Pollux, whose miraculous appearance at the battle of Lake Regillus in 496 b.C. brought victory to the Romans. The site for the temple was chosen close to the Basin of Juturna, a rectangular fountain with a statue of the nymph in the center, where Castor and Pollux were watering their horses after the famous battle.

The facade faced the Forum and the temple consisted of nineteen columns (three of which remain today). In this building where the Senate once met, weights and measurements were controlled. Bankers, exchangers and barbers had shops at the foot of the podium, among the plinths of the columns.
Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano)
The temple built on a high podium, was restored after 200 b.C., reconstructed in 117 b.C. and destroyed by fire in 14 b.C.. The present building entirely in marble was unveiled by Tiberius. Its dimensions are 26m x 40m, with eight Corinthian columns at either end and 11 at the sides. Three of them (12.5m high) survived. Roman knights considered the Dioscuri as their patrons; every year on July 15, they staged an impressive parade in front of the temple. Fragments of the statues of the Dioscuri found here, are now in the Antiquarium of the Palazzo Caffarelli (Museo Nuovo).

There is an interesting fact about a piece of the marble taken from the temple. Michelangelo used it as the base for the statue of the Marcus Aurelius located on Piazza del Campidoglio. Excavations and restoration of the Temple took place in 1983-1987.

Address:
Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri)
Via dei Fori Imperiali
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)/ Rione Celio (Terme di Caracalla) (Roma centro)
Temple of Castor and Pollux (or Dioscuri)/ Tempio di Castore e Polluce (o dei Dioscuri) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "18"
Contact and Booking, Entrance, Hours, Public transport and Other Essential: Visit Roman Forum

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