Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner)

"Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Saturday 2nd July 2011

This is the most ancient marble temple in Rome; it has circular plan surrounded by 20 Corinthian columns. The temple was built in the end of the 2nd century b.C. It was used as a church with the name S.Stefano delle Carrozze, and later, S.Maria del Sole. The Temple of Hercules Victor (Hercules the Winner or Hercules the Conqueror) (Italian: Tempio di Ercole Vincitore) or Hercules Olivarius is an ancient edifice located in the Forum Boarium close to the Tiber in Rome. It was also named Temple of Vesta, because of its aspect which is very similar to the one of the Temple of Vesta on Roman Forum. The Fontana dei Tritoni (Fountain of Tritoni) is in the surroundings of the temple of Ercole Vincitore near the basilica di Santa Mariain Cosmedin.

Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner) near the basilica di Santa Mariain Cosmedin
It was dedicated to the Hercules, the mythological hero very venerated in this zone of Rome. Here was found a base of the probable statue of Hercules. The walls inside of the temple were frescoed in the 15th century with the scenes "Madonna con Santi".

It is a monopteros, a round temple of Greek 'peripteral' design completely encircled by a colonnade. This layout caused it to be mistaken for a temple of Vesta until it was correctly identified by Napoleon's Prefect of Rome, Camille de Tournon. This temple, long considered from its circular structure to have been a temple of Vesta, and the Temple of Vesta in Tivoli was an inspiration for Bramante's Tempietto and other High Renaissance churches of centralized plan.

This temple dates back to the end of the 2nd century BC and has remained more or less intact. Nineteen of the twenty Corinthian columns which surround it survive but the trabeation and the original roof (probably a dome) are missing. The temple is commonly known as the Tempio di Vesta (Temple of Vesta). It was turned into a church under Christianity, and was first dedicated to S. Stefano delle Carozze and then, halfway through the 16th century, to S. Maria del Sole, because an image of the temple emanating a ray of sunlight had been found in the Tiber.

Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner)
Via di Ponte Rotto (Piazza della Bocca della Verità)
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Ripa (Circo Massimo - Bocca Verità - Aventino) (Roma centro)
Temple of Ercole Vincitore or Vesta (Hercules the Winner) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "47"

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