Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano)

"Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Wednesday 29th June 2011

Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano)

Three white marble Corinthian columns made part of the Temple of Vespasian erected in memory of the emperor after his death in 79 A.D. by two sons Titus and Domitian, and two years later after the death of Titus, dedicated to him as well. On the basement are signs of the probable spots where the statues of two emperors stood. The inscription says about restoration conducted in epoch of Settimius Severus and Caracalla.

Located at the western end of the Roman Forum between the Temple of Concordia and the Temple of Saturn. On the right of the Temple of Vespasian could be seen a basement of the Tempio della Concordia, erected here in 367 b.C. by Furius Camillus to celebrate the agreement between the patricians and plebeians. The temple was damaged and several times restored, it preserved also the rich presents made to it by the wife of Augustus, Livia, so it became a real museum of Hellenic painting and sculpture.

On the left of the Temple of Vespasian is a Portico degli Dei Consenti, with 12 white columns forming an angle, reconstructed in 1858 with the elements discovered during the excavations of 1834. It was compound of 12 rooms each dedicated to 12 Roman deities. It is not know the date of the construction of the portico, but it was probably here already during the republican epoch. Nevertheless, it was reconstructed in 367 A.D. in course of anti-Christian persecutions and propaganda of Pagan rites. It was the last pagan religious monument in the Roman Forum.

The temple suffered significant damage during medieval times, particularly c. 1300 (under Pope Boniface VIII), and in Pope Nicholas V's remodeling of the Forum (which involved the demolition of both angles of the temple on the Forum side and the reconstruction of its front as a fortress with corner towers). All that survives today is the podium's core (with some of its peperoni lining), parts of the cella (two fragments of its travertine wall and part of the pedestal at its back for the cult statues), and three Corinthian columns at pronaos's south-east corner.

Address:
Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano)
Foro Romano (Via della Salara Vecchia)
(in front of Via Cavour)
00186 , Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)
Temple of Vespasian (Tempio di Vespasiano) is Shown By "Map K Zone" As "8"
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