"Templi di Apollo Sosiano e di Bellona (Temple of Apollo Sosiano & Temple of Bellona)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Monday 9th May 2011
On the right of Portico di Ottavia, in the Hebrew district, the remains of a temple dedicated to God Apollo, built between 433 and 431 BC, can be found. The temple is called of Apollo Sosiano from the name of the consul C. Sosia who in 32 BC rebuilt completely the building enriching it with many works of art. The temple was on a vary large platform, was hexastyle and pseudoperipteral with semicolumns on each side of the cell. In the cell there were many works of art, it seemed like a real museum and often there were held senate meetings.
The three columns remained from the Temple of Apollo built in 431 b.C. and reconstructed in 34 b.C. by consul Caius Sosius on occasion of his triumph, were risen here in 1940. It is known that its was rich with the works of art, when the Greek original was found here during the excavations of 1928 that brought to the light this temple.
Close to it is a Temple of Bellona (296 b.C.), where the Senate invited the victorious general and dedicated a triumph to him. Higher up are the medieval buildings: one of them is old Albergo della Catena and the other one is the 14th century Casa dei Vailati, modified in the 16th century, and occupied now by the Communal services of the Fine Arts.
The building was built in 296 BC by Appio Caludio Cieco following his victory on the Etruscans. In this temple the senate used to meet the magistrates that had the "imperium", who could not go past the pomerio, and the victorious generals for whom they had to decide the triumph grant. At the beginning of the war against Pirro, in front of the Temple a "colona bellica" was placed where the symbolic rite of declaration of war was done.At the end of the 30s, during the excavations for the reconstruction of the Church of Santa Rita, the ruinsof a portico that went all along the east and north side of the Temple of Bellona were found. It is constituted by a double row of pillars, part of them in peperino and part of them in bricks, connected by round arcades. The floor is made of travertine slabs. It is possible that this construction was part of the system of the portico of Foro Olitorio.
Templi di Apollo Sosiano e di Bellona (Temple of Apollo Sosiano & Temple of Bellona)
Via del Teatro di Marcello
00186, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Ripa (Circo Massimo-Bocca Verità-Aventino) (Roma centro)
Templi di Apollo Sosiano e di Bellona (Temple of Apollo Sosiano & Temple of Bellona) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "126"