"Universita' Gregoriana Pontificia (Pontifical Gregorian University)/ Pontificio Istituto Biblico (Biblical Institute)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 3rd May 2011
It was built by Giulio Barluzzi in 1930 by the initiative of Pius XI. For its construction an old convent of the 16th century, used in the 19th century as the barracks of the pontifical troops, was destroyed. It is a seat of Pontifical Gregorian University, inheritor of Collegio Romano, which was founded by Gregory XIII. At present it is a research center in the fields of religious culture, philosophy and psychology.
With the university counting more than a thousand pupils at this point, Pope Gregory XIII wished to give it a more suitable headquarters. Two blocks near the Via del Corso were expropriated, and the architect Bartolomeo Ammannati was commissioned to design a grand new edifice for the institute. The new building was inaugurated in 1584, in what became known as the Piazza Collegio Romano, across from the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj. For his sponsorship of the Roman College, Gregory XIII became known as its "founder and father", and from that point the school acquired the title of the "Gregorian University".
The University is adjoined to the Pontificio Istituto Biblico (Pontifical Biblical Institute, or the Biblicum), in which courtyard is a beautiful large fountain built in the 16th century with the heraldic symbols of Sixtus V (four lions in the basin and three mountains in the center). The Istituto Biblico is a prestigious center of scientific studies of Bible. It was founded by Pius X in 1909. Benedict's successor, Pope Pius XI, laid the first stone of the new seat of the university on 27 December 1924. Designed by the architect Giulio Barluzzi in the neoclassical style, the new edifice was completed by 1930. The Institute is a member of the Gregorian Consortium and supported by the Gregorian University Foundation (http://www.the-gregorian.com/).
The Institute's faculty and students seek to promote understanding between Rome and the Churches of the East through the study of the history, spirituality, theology, liturgy, and canon law of the Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches. The fundamental characteristic of the Pontifical Gregorian University is that of a Pontifical Ecclesiastical University entrusted by the Holy See to the Society of Jesus, a commission which Benedict XVI confirmed again in 2006.
Universita' Gregoriana Pontificia (Pontifical Gregorian University)/ Pontificio Istituto Biblico (Biblical Institute)
Piazza della Pilotta, 4
00187, Rome, Lazio, Italy
Zone: Rione Trevi (Quirinale-Tritone-Barberini) (Roma centro)
Universita' Gregoriana Pontificia (Pontifical Gregorian University)/ Pontificio Istituto Biblico (Biblical Institute) is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "104"
Telephone: +39 06 67011
Fax: +39 06 6701 5419.
Pontifical Gregorian University Website: http://www.unigre.it/home_page_en.php
Historical Archives of the Pontifical Gregorian University: http://www.archiviopug.org/