Vatican City

The seven Basilicas - Pilgrim Churches of Rome

Medieval Basilicas of Rome - Pilgrim Churches of Rome, Italy During the years of imperial persecutions, the one of Diocleziano in particular was terrifying, the Christian worshippers were obliged to meet secretly in humble buildings very similar, at least from outside, to private homes. With the victory of Costantino over Massenzio in 312 the situation radically changed. The imperial architects committed to build new worship places...

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano (St John Lateran)

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano, Italy The cathedral, whose full name is: Patriarcal Arcibasilica and Cathedral of Holy Saviour, St. John the Baptist and Evangelist in Lateran (Arcibasilica Papale e Cattedrale del Santissimo Salvatore e dei Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano), rises from the same place where the basilica of Costantino was erected round 314. The ancient basilica had four aisles for...

Formation of Lateran Palace to Vatican Historical Museum

The Lateran Palace, Rome, Italy Pope Sixtus V commissioned the construction of the Lateran Palace (Palazzo Laterano/ Palazzo Lateranense) at the end of the 16th century to stand in for the ancient building that used to be the Papal residence ever since the 4th century. The building is highly decorated inside with frescoes portraying scenes of the Old Testament and houses the Vatican Historical Museum that...

The Angel of Castel Sant'Angelo, Rome

The Angel of Castel Sant'Angelo, Rome, Italy At the top of the Castel Sant'Angelo, the archangel Michael stands mighty and proud, sheathing his sword. The bronze statue was created in the mid 1700s and erected in memory of Pope Gregory the Great's vision in the 6th century AD. Tradition has it that a terrible epidemic raged in Rome and the pope was desperate. He ordered a great expiation procession from St. John Lateran...

Places In Rome & Vatican City Shown By "Map D Zone"

Alphabetical Index of "Map D Zone" places In Rome (Roma) & Città del Vaticano (Vatican City) - Monuments, Landmarks, building, streets, sightseeing and other Tourist information Pick and Browse Below The Map:

St. Peter's Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro) - History, Dimensions, Exterior, Interior, Vatican Grottoes, Necropolis

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri), officially known in Italian as the Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as St. Peter's Basilica, is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. St. Peter's Basilica has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world. It is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic...

Piazza San Pietro, Saint Peter's Square, Rome & Vatican City

Piazza San Pietro, Saint Peter's Square, Rome St Peter's square was realized by G.L.Bernini in 1656-67. It is one of the superb examples of civic architecture and was designed to create an adequate entrance to the heart of Catholic religion and, from the functional side, cover the visible disproportion of St Peter'. Fig: St Peter's square It has the form of an ellipse 240m large and 340m long (from the stairs leading...

Sagrestia del Borromini (Borromini Sacristy), Piazza Navona, Rome & Vatican City

Sagrestia del Borromini, Piazza Navona, Rome Sagrestia del Borromini (Borromini Sacristy) is an architectural complex, built for Pius VI by C.Marchionni (1776-84). It is an octagonal hall with a cupola supported by pilasters of yellow sienna marble and gray marble columns from Hadrian's Villa near the city of Tivoli. Fig: sagrestia This Sacristy [about sacristy (secretarium or diaconicum)] is connected with St Peter's...

Fabbrica dei Mosaici (Mosaic Factory), Rome & Vatican City

Fabbrica dei Mosaici (Mosaic Factory), Rome & Vatican City Fabbrica dei Mosaici (Mosaic Factory) is at the same time a school and a center of production. The laboratory continues the great tradition of modern mosaic works, due to it the greatest part of chromatic decorations in St Peter's is made in mosaic. The restoration works and exploration of new techniques are conducted by this organization. In front of the Factory is Stazione...

Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens), Vatican City, Rome

Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens), Vatican City, Rome Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens) is an ample complex of gardens "alla italiana", where presents a combination of French gardens' rationalism and games of tree masses of English gardens. Fig: Grotta della Madonna (See on the picture above: Grotta della Madonna). It is a reproduction of Massabielle's cave, where in 1858 the Madonna appeared before B.Soubirous. The new made...

Cortile della Pigna, Vatican City, Rome

Cortile della Pigna, Vatican City, Rome The Courtyard of Pine-Cone takes this curious name from a huge (4m high) bronze pine-cone dated from 1century a.C., which started its way here from Giardini di Iside in the zone of Pantheon, then moved to the hall of ancient St Peter's and finally got its present position in the court of Vatican Museums in time of the rein of Julius II. It is covered by a big arch, designed by...

Cortile del Belvedere (Belvedere courtyard)

Cortile del Belvedere(Belvedere courtyard) Pope Julius II and Bramante made a project to connect an ancient pontifical palace on the right of St Peter's with the palace, built by Pollaiolo for Innocent VIII, standing on the little hill called "del Belvedere". Bramante designed two long corridors between the palaces, so that they created a big court- yard. In the work participated G.d.Sangallo, P.Ligorio, O.Mascherino....

Palazzo di Nicolo V (Sistine Chapel), Vatican City, Rome

Palazzo di Nicolo V (Sistine Chapel/Cappella Sistina), Vatican City, Rome Before the migration to Avignon in 1309, the Pope and the Curia lived in Lateran palace. Eugenius III (1145-53) begun the construction of the first Vatican palace on the place of an ancient house, built close to St Peter's in 6th century and used for state occasions and for the accommodation of foreign sovereigns. In 1377 Gregory XI returned from Avignon and moved to the...

Palazzetto del Belvedere (The Palace of Belvedere), Vatican Gardens, Vatican City, Rome

Palazzetto del Belvedere, Vatican Gardens, Vatican City, Rome The Palace of Belvedere was built for Innocent VII by Pollaiolo on the hill called collina of S.Egidio or of Belvedere. In 18th century it was modified for the Museo Pio- Clementino by M.Simonetti and G.Camporese. Fig: schema p-zetto belvedere The Pio-Clementino Museum (Museo Pio-Clementino) Takes its name from the pope Clement XIV, who exposed here the first collections,...

Vatican Museum's Pinacoteca (Picture/Painting Gallery), Vatican City, Rome

Vatican Museum's, Vatican City, Rome Vatican's Pinacoteca, Musei Vaticani / Vatican Museum's Pinacoteca (Picture/Painting Gallery) was founded by Pius VI. The present building in the Lombardic Renaissance style, by L.Beltrami, was unveiled in 1932. Under the Treaty of Tolentino (1797) the best works were transferred to France by Napoleon, but 77 were recovered in 1815. 460 Paintings The idea of an art gallery...