Roman Basilicas

The seven Basilicas - Pilgrim Churches of Rome

Medieval Basilicas of Rome - Pilgrim Churches of Rome, Italy During the years of imperial persecutions, the one of Diocleziano in particular was terrifying, the Christian worshippers were obliged to meet secretly in humble buildings very similar, at least from outside, to private homes. With the victory of Costantino over Massenzio in 312 the situation radically changed. The imperial architects committed to build new worship places...

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano (St John Lateran)

Basilica of St. Giovanni in Laterano, Italy The cathedral, whose full name is: Patriarcal Arcibasilica and Cathedral of Holy Saviour, St. John the Baptist and Evangelist in Lateran (Arcibasilica Papale e Cattedrale del Santissimo Salvatore e dei Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano), rises from the same place where the basilica of Costantino was erected round 314. The ancient basilica had four aisles for...

Basilica of St. Maria Maggiore

Basilica of St. Maria Maggiore, Italy One of the most important of the Roman churches dedicated to Madonna was built after the council of Efeso who, in 431, sanctioned the dogma of Maria as a Holy Mother. According to the legendary tradition, the church was built in a place where a miraculous snow fell on 5 August 356. Here there is an important trail of each century: the cosmatesque floor belong to 12th century a...

Basilica of St. Croce in Jerusalem

Basilica of St. Croce in Jerusalem, Italy The basilica was built in an area previously occupied by a residential district of imperial property, including a palace, a circus an amphitheatre. The palace has later become the residence of Elena, Costantino's mother. He created the basilica in the atrium of the palace to preserve the relic of the Holy Cross, she herself had brought to Rome. The ancient basilica was...

Basilica di Sant'Agnese fuori le mura (Saint Agnes Outside the Wall), Rome

Basilica di Sant'Agnese fuori le mura (Saint Agnes Outside the Wall), Rome Sant'Agnese fuori la mura (Saint Agnes Outside the Wall) is a basilica church in Rome, in which Saint Agnes's bones are reputed to rest. The underground area and built a large private mausoleum over it which is now known as the "mausoleo di Santa Costanza" (she was venerated as saint, even though she was not one officially), while the church of Saint Agnes was then built aside...

St. Peter's Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro) - History, Dimensions, Exterior, Interior, Vatican Grottoes, Necropolis

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri), officially known in Italian as the Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as St. Peter's Basilica, is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. St. Peter's Basilica has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world. It is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic...

Church/ Basilica of St. John at Latin Gate (San Giovanni a Porta Latina)

The Church/ Basilica of St. John at Latin Gate (Chiesa/ Basilica di San Giovanni a Porta Latina) was erected in the 5th century, and reconstructed in 722 and in 1191. Interior is on basilican plan with a nave and two aisles divided by 5 ancient columns on each side. The church preserved the traces of fine 12th century frescoes representing 46 different scenes from the Old and...

Palazzo Sessoriano (Sessorium): Infantry & Tankers Museum, Grenadiers Museum, S.Croce in Gerusalemme

museum of Italian Army at Piazza S. Croce in Gerusalemme, rome In the beginning of the 3rd century in this zone on the south-eastern end of the city was formed a new Imperial residence, better adapted for living than the one on the Palatine Hill. It was called "Sessorium" or "Palace of Sessorium", and was compound of ample gardens, amphitheater, circus, baths and a basilica for negotiation of public affairs. To protect all this the city...

Church/ Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (Holy Cross in Jerusalem)

It is of the "Seven Churches" of the Jubilee pilgrimage and is one of the most sacred places of the capital of the Christianity. It was probably Constantine who around 320 ordered the works of transformation of a great rectangular palace Palazzo Sessoriano, serving as an imperial residence before, into the place where the relics collected by his mother St Helena during her...

Church and Catacomb of Saints Marcellinus and Peter (SS.Marcellino e Pietro)

Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter [Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (al Laterano)] The Chiesa dei SS.Marcellino e Pietro (Church of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, sometimes called Petrus Exorcista) is a very old church which origins come from the 4th century. It should have probably been at much lower level in comparison with the present construction. Here close to it...

Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua (Sant'Antonio da Padova)

This church or Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua (Sant'Antonio da Padova) was built on the part of the territory of Villa Giustiniani Massimo by architect Luca Carimini in 1884-1887. The façade rises on a stairway with a double ramp. The Neo-Renaissance eclecticism of the architect sided the fifteenth-century shapes with the typical ones of Sangallo of the porch with five...

Lateran Baptistery (Battistero lateranense) or San Giovanni in Fonte

The proper denomination should be its name: San Giovanni in Fonte(St John at the Font), also known as the Lateran Baptistery (Battistero Lateranense) or the Baptistery of Constantin. It was built in the fourth century by Constantine, together with the basilica of Saint John in Lateran, on top of a villa and a thermal building dating back to the second century. Later on it was...

Scala Santa, Chapel of Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium of old Lateran Palace

From the old Lateran Palace (Palazzo Laterano/ Palazzo Lateranense) constructions remained after imperial Rome there are three survived and located in one building built by D.Fontana in 1589. These monuments are: Scala Santa, Chapel of the Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium. Starting from the middle of the 15th century the staircase from the old Lateran Palace was identified...

Patriarcal Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican

Patriarcal Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican, Italy Round 320 Costantino commissioned the Basilica of St. Peter, a huge building made of aisles and naves, preceded by a big atrium, in the place where, according to the tradition, St. Peter Apostle was found. Only during 15th century a long planning leading to the complete restoration of Costantino's basilica, started with the help of several artists and ended about 200 hundred...

Basilica of St. Paolo fuori le mura

Basilica of St. Paolo fuori le mura, Italy Along Via Ostiense in the place where, according to the tradition, the Apostle of all people was buried, the first Christians erected a sepulchral chapel. Afterwards the chapel was changed into a basilica by Costantino. Around the basilica, that became one of the most important stage of the Roman Pilgrimage, a district grew and around 9th century it was fortified. Along the...