Roman Basilicas

Basilica of St. Lorenzo fuori le mura

Basilica of St. Lorenzo fuori le mura, Italy The basilica is a result of the fusion of two churches one built in 6th century the other during the 13th century, around the grave of St. Lorenzo. In the 12th century the Cloister was built; in the basilica took the current aspect, when the new erected church replaced the previous basilica incorporating it. The church preserves the relics of St. Stefano, for this reason for...

Basilica of St. Sebastiano fuori le mura

Basilica of St. Sebastiano fuori le mura, Italy Along Via Appia Antica on the site where, according to tradition, the bodies of the Apostles St. Peter and Paul were kept in time of persecution. The basilica of St. Sebastian was built, known originally with the name of Basilica Apostolorum. The basilica is the centre of the larger famous area of Palaeochristian cemeteries in Rome. The layout of the church, with a nave, rich...

Santa Maria sopra Minerva (Basilica of Saint Mary Above Minerva), Rome

Santa Maria sopra Minerva (Basilica of Saint Mary Above Minerva), Rome The Basilica of Saint Mary Above Minerva (Latin: Basilica Sanctae Mariae supra Minervam, Italian: Basilica di Santa Maria sopra Minerva) is a titular minor basilica and one of the most important churches of the Roman Catholic Dominican order in Rome, Italy. The church, located in the Piazza della Minerva in the Campus Martius region, is considered the only Gothic church in...

Church/ Chiesa di San Basilio, Rome

This church and its convent were built by monks-Basilians from Grottaferrata on the site of older religious construction in 1682. Address: Church/ Chiesa di San Basilio Via di San Basilio, 51 00187, Rome, Lazio, Italy Zone: Rione Ludovisi (Via Veneto) (Roma centro) Church/ Chiesa di San Basilio is Shown By "Map E Zone" As "72"

Church/ Chiesa di San Vitale

Basilica of San Vitale, rome The Basilica of Sts. Vitalis, Valeris, Gervase and Protase (Italian: Basilica di Santi Vitale e Compagni Martiri in Fovea or also named as Parrocchia Santi Vitale E Compagni Martiri In Fovea) is a titular minor basilica church in Rome. The Roman Catholic church is commonly named Basilica di San Vitale. The Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Vitalis is Adam Maida. It was built...

Basilica di Santa Pudenziana al Viminale

Basilica di Santa Pudenziana al Viminale This church is dedicated to the sister of S.Prassede, Pudenziana, both martyrs, and was erected on the site of the house of their father Pudente, who would have had St Peter as a guest. One of the most antique churches in Rome, raised on the house of Senator Pudente said to have hosted San Pietro and where later on (during C.II), a thermal building was constructed. The latter...

Church/ Chiesa dei SS.Apostoli (Basilica dei Santi Apostoli)

Church/ Chiesa dei SS.Apostoli (Basilica dei Santi Apostoli) It was built in 560 by Pelagius I to commemorate the defeat and expulsion of the Goths by the Byzantine army, and dedicated to the Apostles James and Philip. After numerous restorations it was totally reconstructed under Martin V, Sixtus IV and Pius IX with the intervention of F.Fontana in 1702-1708 and C.Fontana in 1714. The facade is by G.Valadier with double loggia of nine...

Monastero di S.Francesca Romana/ Monastero di Tor de'Specchi (Monastery of Tor de' Specchi)

This monastery is also known as Monastero di Tor de'Specchi, deriving this name from the name of the medieval fortified zone of the Specchi family. In one of its houses grew a monastery by initiative of a noble Roman woman Francesca Bussi de'Leoni, who together with the other matrons retired here and founded the religious order of Oblates bearing now her name. This is the...

Basilica di San Marco (Saint Mark's Cathedral/ Basilica) evangelista al campidoglio

Basilica di San Marco (Saint Mark's Cathedral/ Basilica), rome, italy The original church was built by order of pope St Mark in 336 in honour of the saint with the same name. In the 9th century it was reconstructed with the creation of apse mosaics, that survived till our days. The church was totally recnostructed by Paul II, who built adjoining to it Palazzo Venezia; he made it the "national" church of Venetians. The architects were G.d.Maiano...

Basilica di Santa Maria in Aracoeli

inside architecture of S.Maria in Aracoeli, rome, italy It was founded in the 7th century; in the 10th century it belonged to the Benedictines and from 1250 to the Franciscans. The church occupies an area where the sacred geese of Juno was kept, the one who alerted the Romans to the danger during a siege by the Gauls in 390 b.C.. In 434 b.C. a temple was erected to Juno Moneta, who's name was given to metal money, "moneta", because...

Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri (St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs)

inside interior of Santa Maria degli Angeli The hall of Tepidarium of the Baths of Diocletian (Terme di Diocleziano) was adapted for the Basilica di S.Maria degli Angeli by Michelangelo in 1560 according to a wish of Pius IV. But it had to be built much earlier in 1378 when two benefactors, Niccolo' da Nola and Napoleone Orsino, left to the pope Urban V the sum of 3000 golden florins to construct a Carthusian church...

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) and Its Museum This is one of the four major patriarchal basilicas in Rome. The basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary Major) is the most important of the Roman churches dedicated to the Madonna. It rises on top of the Cispio (the highest of the three ramifications that make the Esquiline Hill) on the ruins of a complex founded in the Augustan age and successively enlarged and...

Collegio Russicum (Russian College) with Church S. Antonio Abate/ Sant'Andrea Catabarbara

Russian National Church (Chiesa Nazionale Russa) In Rome Pontificio Collegio Russo (Russicum) was created by Pius XI in the moment of the hardest religious persecution in Soviet Russia, to prepare, by formation of the clergy specialized in Orthodox studies, the possibility to make contacts with that world when it will be possible. The College 'Russicum' was built near St. Mary Major in Rome, and the Church of St. Antony the Great...

Church/ Chiesa di Santa Prassede all'Esquilino

entrance of Church/ Chiesa di Santa Prassede all'Esquilino History The church was built by St Paschal I in 822 in occasion of transfer of the rests of 2300 martyrs from the Catacombs to the "Campagna romana" to protect them from the Saracens. The oratory from which the primitive church grew later had been erected here in 140-155 by St Pius I. The church was restored in 1450, 1564, 1832 and 1869, and was dedicated to martyr St...

Basilica of San Martino ai Monti (Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti)

Basilica of San Martino ai Monti (Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti) This is one of the most ancient churches in Rome, erected in the period of religious peace decreed by emperor Constantine under the pope St Silvester I in the 4th century. The church grew over the house of annexed to the Baths of Trajan (Terme di Traiano). In the beginning of the 6th century pope St Simmacus had a the primitive church transformed in a real basilica dedicating...