Roman Basilicas

Church Sacred Heart of Jesus Castro Pretorio/ Chiesa del Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio

The church was erected by Leo XIII by design of Francesco Vespignani in 1887. Its bell-tower is surmounted by a golden statue of Redeemer. The church possesses the modern parish and educational services, created specially for the new city neighbourhood Castro Pretorio. On the right is the hospital of the Salesians, where the saint operated during its trips to Rome between...

Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura (Saint Lawrence outside the Walls)

Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura (Saint Lawrence outside the Walls) This basilica is one of the seven pilgrimage churches of Rome and of the numerous churches dedicated to the deacon Laurence of Spanish origin. In the middle of the 3rd century, in epoch of intensive persecutions of Christians, was a depositary of the property of the Church, when Sixtus II and his collaborator were condemned to death, and distributed all this to the poor people...

Church/ Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Damaso

Basilica di San Lorenzo in Damaso, Palazzo della Cancelleria, Rome The primitive little church erected by pope St Damaso I in 380 was destroyed for the construction of Palazzo della Cancelleria. Cradinal Raffaele Riario had probably D.Bramante to reconstruct this church in present forms. G.Valadier restored it after it was used as a stall in the Napoleon's epoch. The other restoration was undertaken by V.Vespignani. The ceiling was remade by...

Church of Sant'Andrea della Valle

Before the church S.Andrea della Valle its place was occupied by a little Chiesetta di S.Sebastiano, which probably was built in memory of a fact that a body of this saint-martyr was found in sewer of this zone. In 1582 the Palazzo Piccolomini located close to the Chiesetta S.Sebastiano was given to the Congregation of Teatinians with the charge to build on its site a church...

Church of Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza

Church of Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza The University Sapienza initially used the church of S.Eustachio for the religious ceremonies and Diploma conferment. But Leo X had a chapel serving for these needs built on the territory of the University. A century later Urban VIII decided to make of give this chapel the importance appropriate to its functions, expressed in architecture and dimensions. F.Borromini began the...

Sinagoga (Synagogue) - Roman Jewish Ghetto

This imposing construction in Babylonian- Syrian style with its square dome is a dissonant element in panoramic view of the city, and was built in 1897-1904 by architects Asvaldo Armanni and Vincenzo Costa, decorations are by painters D.Bruschi and A.Brugnoli. Modern synagogue substituted an old Jewish Temple destroyed in 1893 and other four places of cult called Scole (Scola...

Church of San Nicola in Carcere (Prison) and Its 3 Temples (Templi)

Church of San Nicola in Carcere (Prison) and Its 3 Temples (Templi) The main characteristic of this Chiesa di San Nicola in Carcere (Basilica or Church of St. Nicholas in Prison/ Cardinal Titular Church) is the fact that it was built over the three ancient temples standing one close to another. The area where there is now the church of S. Nicola in Carcere, in ancient time was occupied by the Foro Olitorio (Forum Holitorium) a square where the...

Isola Tiberina (Tiber island)

The size of this little island rises in the middle of the river Tiber is 300mx80m, along the creek that divides Trastevere from the area of the Piazza Navona. The legend wants it to be born in 510 b.C. either on the deposits of corn thrown to the river by Romans during an uprising, or upon the grounded nave which was chosen by a snake of Aesculapius to arrive here. The island...

Church of San Bartolomeo all'Isola on the Tiber Island

The Basilica or Chiesa di S.Bartolomeo all'Isola/ Church of San Bartolomeo all'Isola on the Isola Tiberina (Tiber island) was erected in the end of the 10th century by a Germanic emperor Otto III and reconstructed in 1624 after the damage brought by a flood of 1557. In reconstruction works participated O.Torriani and probably M.Longhi the Younger. The dedication to S....

Basilica/ Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere

This Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere (Basilica/ Chiesa di S.Maria in Trastevere) occupies the 5th place in the hierarchy of Roman churches after St Peter's, St.Paul, St.John and S.Maria Maggiore for its ancient origins as well as for being the first dedicated to Madonna. It is the first among so called "minor basilicas" and it was the church which more often substituted...

Palazzo and Church of San Callisto (Saint Callixtus)/ Palazzo e Chiesa di S.Callisto

Apart from the old buildings that overlook the square (Piazza) Santa Maria in Trastevere, among which is the monumental 17th century Palazzo San Callisto (1613) belonging to the Holy See in the heart of Trastevere. On the site of palazzo di S.Callisto since the Middle Ages stood a palace erected for the cardinals responsible for the life of basilica of S.Maria in Trastevere...

Basilica/ Church of San Crisogono

Before 499 on the place of the present Basilica/ Church of San Crisogono (Basilica/ Chiesa di S.Crisogono) but 6m lower was built a church which together with S.Maria in Trastevere and S.Cecilia was one of the initial sites of cult and assistance to the Christian community in the zone of Trastevere. The damage from regular floods which risen the level of the soil convinced to...

Church and Museum of Santa Sabina all'Aventino

This is a perfect example of the 5th century basilica, a venerated and admirable model of primitive and pure conception of a Christian temple. The church was built in 425 by a priest from Dalmatia Pietro d'Illiria under the pope Celestine I, probably on the site of the house of the Roman matron Sabina, later confused with St.Sabina from Umbria. It was restored in 824 and 1216...

Basilica/ Church of SS. (Santi) Bonifacio e Alessio (St.Alexis)

Only in the 10th century this Basilica/ Church of SS. (Santi) Bonifacio e Alessio on the Aventine Hill built in the 4th century took the second name of S.Alessio (St.Alexis) under which it is popularly known at present. The church obtained greater importance thanks to the houses gifted by Alberich II, dominator in Rome between 930-954, for the creation of a monastery. The...

Basilica Emilia (Aemilia)

The Basilica Emilia (Aemilia) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) took the name from the Emilia family, which members many times took care about its restoration and embellishment. It was initially called Fulvia or Fulvia Aemilia and was restored several times by members of the Aemilia Gens, from which it took its definitive name. The construction is 70m long, 29m wide and was...