Roman Basilicas

Basilica Julia (Giulia)

This Basilica Julia (Giulia) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) is symmetrical to Basilica Emilia and was built by Julius Caesar in 46 b.C. on the site of the previous Basilica Sempronia (170 b.C.). Its dimensions are 101m x 49m. Basilica Julia was restored by Diocletian in 305 and for the last time by the prefect of the city Gabinius Vettius Probianus in 416 A.D. after the sack...

Church of Santi Cosma e Damiano (Basilica del beato Felice)

The Chiesa dei SS.Cosma e Damiano (Church of Santi Cosma e Damiano) in the Roman Forum (Foro Romano) was also called "Basilica del beato Felice" because was built by pope St Felix IV in 527 in a hall of the Foro della Pace. The church was dedicated to two brothers from Cilicia who were miraculous healers. The church was completely reconstructed in 1632 by design of Luigi...

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino)

Basilica of Maxentius or (of Constantine)/ Basilica di Massenzio (o di Costantino) in the Roman Forum/ Forum Romanum (Foro Romano) was begun by Maxentius in 306-312 and finished by Constantine. It was set on the Velia, i.e. the hill on the east limit of the Roman Forum, over the previous constructions served for living. Basilica was entirely made of bricks and tiles; its...

Church of San Sebastiano (Saint Sebastian) on the Palatine Hill

Church of San Sebastiano (Saint Sebastian) on the Palatine Hill The Chiesa di San Sebastiano al Palatino (Church of San Sebastiano on the Palatine Hill) was founded in the 10th century and was also called in the past S.Maria in Pallara. Nevertheless, the present name of the church was given to it in honour of the martyr Sabastiano, imperial officer, died in not far Ippodromo. A monastery annexed to the church was occupied by Benedictines...

Basilica/ Church of Santa Anastasia al Palatino (Palatine Hill)

The Basilica/ Church of Santa Anastasia al Palatino (Palatine Hill) was built in the 4th century, was decorated with mosaics in the 5th century and restored by Theodoric and by popes of the 8th century. During the Byzantine domination in Rome, it served as an official church of the representatives of the Eastern Roman Empire, who's residence was on the Palatine Hill. Further...

Basilica/ Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin

This is a beautiful church worldly famous for a round stone mask called "Bocca della Verita' " (Mouth of Truth) (pictured below) located in its portico, but there are so many other things about it that could attract interest. First of all, its bell-tower, the most beautiful Romanesque bell-tower in Rome. It has seven storeyes and colored majolica decorations. It was built in...

Church of San Saba

According to a legend the Chiesa di San Saba (Chiesa di S.Saba) grew on the site of cenoby in which the mother of St Gregory I Magno, St Silvia, lived and from where she would daily send to her son living on Celio Hill, the vegetable dishes picked and prepared by herself. But according to historical and archeological proves the church was founded in the 7th century by oriental...

Church/ Basilica of San Clemente (Saint Clement) in Laterano

Church/ Basilica of San Clemente (Saint Clement) in Laterano The original Church/ Basilica of Saint Clement in Laterano (Chiesa/ Basilica di San Clemente al Laterano) built in 385 was discovered in the end of the 19th century by a priest Mulloly from an Irish religious organization to which the present church is assigned. It was on basilican plan and was much larger and had a narthex in front of it. The primitive church was erected over...

Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati in Laterano: Basilica/ Church/ Monastery

Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati in Laterano: Basilica/ Church/ Monastery The name of the Basilica/ Church and Monastery of Santi (SS.) Quattro Coronati (Chiesa dei SS.Quattro Coronati/ Basilica dei Santi Quattro Coronati al laterano) refers to some stories about four martyrs that could be or a group of sculptors from the Roman province of Pannonia near the Danube martyred by Diocletian because of refuse to sculpture pagan divinity of Aesculapius,...

Church/ Basilica of Santi (SS.) Giovanni e Paolo

The Church/ Basilica of Santi (SS.) Giovanni e Paolo (Chiesa/ Basilica dei SS.Giovanni e Paolo) on the Celian Hill grew over some ancient Roman constructions disposed on several levels with 20 different rooms belonging to a pagan building, a Christian house and an oratory. The Christian house belonged to John and Paul, two court dignitaries under Constantine II, who were...

Church/ Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round (Santo Stefano Rotondo)

This Church or Basilica of St. Stephen in the Round on the Celian Hill (Chiesa di Santo Stefano Rotondo al Celio) doesn't have any other construction, adapted for religious needs, similar to it in Rome; its complex design was probably taken from eastern models or from the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, as well as ancient Roman buildings. It was dedicated to the...