Vatican City

Auditorium di palazzo Pio (Cortile Auditorium Palazzo Pio), Rome

Auditorium di palazzo Pio (Cortile Auditorium Palazzo Pio), Rome The Holy See made this big building constructed as a palace of Congresses and classical music concerts in 1950 and named it after Pius XII. The project of auditorium belongs to M.Piacentini. Before it this place was occupied by sepulchral pyramid, which existed till late Middle Ages and was called Meta Romuli, in honor of the first founder of Rome (Romulus). Fig: Auditorium...

Hospital Ospedale Santo Spirito in Saxia (Sassia), Rome

Hospital Ospedale Santo Spirito in Saxia (Sassia), Rome The Hospital was founded by Innocent III in 1200. He enlarged the old hospice (Schola Saxonum) of the Saxon king Ine. The word "Sassia" derives from "Saxonum". Pope gave the institution in the hands of Guido di Montpellier, who established l'Ordine Ospedaliero di Santo Spirito taking care of orphans, abandoned and illegitimate children, giving them board and lodging, as well...

Piazza di Ponte, Sant'Angelo, Rome

Piazza di Ponte Square, rome Centuries ago this square was a place of executions of the Castel Sant'Angelo prisoners; among the most famous figures who lost their lives here were Beatrice Cenci and her family members in 1599. One side of the square was occupied by Palazzo Altoviti, here was a famous loggia from which in 19th century the honorable guests could see the famous fireworks of Castel S.Angelo...

Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus), Rome

Mausoleo di Augusto (Mausoleum of Augustus), Rome The mausoleum was erected by Augustus for himself and members of his family in the middle of the ancient Campus Martius, which in that epoch was covered by gardens. The monument was represented by an ample square with a circular construction in the center with a diameter of 87m and height of 44m. On the top of it was a planted with cypresses and crowned by a statue of Augustus...

Lateran Baptistery (Battistero lateranense) or San Giovanni in Fonte

The proper denomination should be its name: San Giovanni in Fonte(St John at the Font), also known as the Lateran Baptistery (Battistero Lateranense) or the Baptistery of Constantin. It was built in the fourth century by Constantine, together with the basilica of Saint John in Lateran, on top of a villa and a thermal building dating back to the second century. Later on it was...

Scala Santa, Chapel of Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium of old Lateran Palace

From the old Lateran Palace (Palazzo Laterano/ Palazzo Lateranense) constructions remained after imperial Rome there are three survived and located in one building built by D.Fontana in 1589. These monuments are: Scala Santa, Chapel of the Sancta Sanctorum and Triclinium. Starting from the middle of the 15th century the staircase from the old Lateran Palace was identified...

Statue of St Francis of Assisi (Monumento a San Francesco)

Statue of St Francis of Assisi (Monumento a San Francesco) The Statue of St Francis of Assisi (Monumento a San Francesco/ Monument to St. Francis) bronze sculptural group is work of Giuseppe Tonnini. It was erected in 1927 with the view on the Cathedral of Rome. Before the meeting of St Francis and Innocent III, the pope had a vision with St Francis supporting the Lateran patriarchate ready to drop down. It stands to the right of the...

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica

Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus), Via Appia Antica Catacombs of San Callisto (Saint Callistus/ Callixtus) [Italian: Le Catacombe di San Callisto] is the biggest underground burial site in Rome, it is formed of several separate areas joined together by tunnels on four different levels, over a distance of 16 km. The Catacombs of San Callisto are the best known of the Roman catacombs and the first official underground burial site...

First day - Plan Your Trip to Rome In 48 Hours

First day - Plan Your Trip to Rome In 48 Hours, Italy A. The Vatican City Arriving at St. Peter's Square, the visitor is immediately impressed by the size of the memorable square facing St. Peter's, surrounded by the magnificent four-row colonnade masterpiece of Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Only when one gets inside the basilica, slowly climbing up the sweeping three flights of steps designed by Bernini, one will be truly amazed by the...

Palazzo Sistino/Sistina/Sistine, Vatican City, Rome

Palazzo Sistino/Sistina/Sistine, Vatican City, Rome Pius IV and Gregory XIII added to the ancient palace the new wing at the corner, covered with the loggia similar to that one of Bramante - Raphael. The work was conducted by P.Ligorio, M.Longhi and O.Mascherino. But the idea to build the third wing with loggia, which would belong to one side of the new palace, and thus create the little courtyard called Cortile di S.Domaso...

Palazzo (Palace) Rusticucci, Rome

Palazzo (Palace) Rusticucci, Rome It is a reconstruction of a palace built in 1585, which with its present name and its previous name Palazzo degli Accoramboni, occupied the side of the old square Rusticucci, from where the district of Borgi was facing the facade of St Peter's basilica. Address: Palazzo (Palace) Rusticucci Via Rusticucci, 00193, Rome, Lazio, Italy Palazzo (Palace) Rusticucci is Shown By "Map...

Palazzo Dei Convertendi, Rome

Palazzo Dei Convertendi, Rome This palace took the place of destroyed Palazzo del cardinale Soderini and other small constructions of 15-16th centuries. Il Palazzo dei Convertendi, which was also called Palazzo di Raffaello (Palace of Raphael), because the great artist had died here in 1520, is probably the work of Bramante. The very beautiful entrance with the loggia above is attributed to Peruzzi. The...

Palazzo Torlonia, Rome

Palazzo Torlonia, Rome It is one of numerous Roman palaces that were named after the outstandingly rich family of bankers in 19th century. The building belongs to work of A.Bregno, who constructed it approx. in 1500 for the cardinal Adriano Castellesi da Corneto, secretary of Alexander VI Borgia. He was one of the current executors of the project to inhabit the district Borghi, so to create the...

Chiesa/Church Santa Maria (Parrocchia S.M.) in Traspontina, Rome

Chiesa/Church Santa Maria (Parrocchia S.M.) in Traspontina, Rome The church stands on the place where before 1527 was residence of Borgo's Governor. Begun in 1566 by Giovanni Peruzzi (the son of famous B.Peruzzi) the construction of church was continued by O.Mascherino in 1581-1587 and finished by Francesco Peparelli in 1637, who also had built a bell-tower. Interior. One nave with five chapels on each side (famous is Cappella di S.Barbara...

Palazzo Cardinal Cesi, Rome

Palazzo Cardinal Cesi, Rome In 1520 cardinal Armellini built a new palace enlarging the old one of 15th century, which was bought by future cardinal Pier Donato Cesi and his brother Angelo in 1565. The Cesi's had it innovated by M.Longhi the Younger. On the right end of the facade there are rests of the sculptured lion head. It is one of examples of the rich collection of antiques realized by the...