Veneto (Venice) - Northern Regions

"Veneto (Venice) - Northern Regions" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

The name derives from the denomination of Venetia attributed by Romans to the 10th imperial region inhabited by ancient people of Venetos.

Area: 18 390 sq.km (7089 sq.miles) (6%), population: 4 469 000 inhabitants (7.6%), density of population: 243 inhab./sq.km.

The first human settlements didn't change the territory organization very much, only when the Romans came in II century b.C.. They divided all the fertile land in pieces of circa 4800 sq.m. and distributed them as a property between the families of the colony. Romans founded the cities of Verona, Vicenza and Padova and enforced the communication system. Region had a particular importance because of its strategic position at the east of the empire.

During the Middle Ages the chaos caused by the decline of the empire and barbaric invasions suspended the reorganization of the territory for many centuries. In course of this period the population migrated to the sea costs and its islands. This is how Venice was born, destined to become the most important city since IX century, with its great political, commercial and navy powers.

From XIII century in numerous provinces and especially in Trevigiano was given a start to breeding of silkworms (imported from China) and cultivation of mulberry. In XV century, being in the most of the blooming periods of its history, Venice provided grandiose works of arrangement of its lagoon.

In the last decades of XIX century and especially in the first half of the XX century was begun the new reorganization work: with the opening of the Suez Canal the port of Venice had got again a big importance, which gave the new commercial role to the Mediterranean Sea; foreign investments that permitted to create the industrial infrastructure in Porto Marghera; improvement of communications which allowed to reinforce the contacts with the adjoining Lombardy; development of the industrial bas along the main communication ways; blooming of tourism.

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History

Man and Territory Economy and Resources

Archeology and Art

Origins

Between II and I milleniums b.C. the region is inhabited first by Euganeans and later by Venetos who came here from the Balcans. In VII-VI centuries b.C. the local populations entered in contact with the Etruscans and Greeks. . Numerous necropolis of the paleo-venetian civilizations.

Roman Epoch
(from II century b.C.)

Allied to Romans against Gauls who invaded their territory, the Venetos accepted the Roman domination. Considerable transformations of the territory: introduction of plants, construction of roads and arrangement of the agricultural land. The cities are organized according to the typical Roman model (Verona, Padova, Este, Vicenza, Treviso, Belluno).

Middle Ages
(V - XV centuries)

Escaping from the barbaric invasions the parts of Veneto's population occupied some of the isolated islands of lagoon, so the Venice was born. After the period of Byzantine domination in VIII century, Venice became an independent marine Republic. The rest of the territory was subdivided in numerous feuds. In IX century Venice is already marine and commercial power, executing with its traffic the function of the bridge between west and east. In XIII century was imported the silkworm the breeding of which gave an impulse to agriculture and manufacturing activities. Considerable influence of Byzantine culture on Venice (basilica of S.Marco), and of Roman and Gothic culture in other cities.

Renaissance
(XV - XVI centuries)

Expansion of the Venetian Republic over the modern Veneto, Friuli, part of Lombardy and Romagna. Arrangement of lagoon: opening of new water roads and protection of the open to sea parts. Presence of the best artists of Renaissance on the territory of Republic.

Modern Epoch (XVII-XVIII)

Political decline of Venice with the grave frictions between aristocracy. Step by step the Republic of Venice is loosing its territory possession on the firm land. Attacked by Napoleon disappeared as an autonomous state in 1797 and was given under the Austrian domination. Crisis of agricultural, merchant and commercial activities. Architecture of A.Palladio.

XIX - XX centuries

In 1866 after the 3rd Independence war Veneto joined Italy. Opening of railways (1842 unveiling of the line Marghera-Padova). By the end of the WWI was born the industrial zone on the territory of Marghera. The exceptional development of the industry in the plain zones. The problems of degradation of Venice and of conservation of its monuments from the excessive touristic movement and environment pollution. Nevertheless the city maintained the cultural primacy with its artistic manifestations and Cinema festivals.

Veneto (Venice) Map

veneto map

Venice

January: 0.9 C

July: 21.6 C

Position.

Veneto is located on the north-east of continental Italy, between Alps and the Adriatic sea. Borders on Austria and Trentino-Alto Adige (north), Friuli-Venezia-Julia (east), Trentino-Alto Adige and Lombardy (west) and Emilia-Romagna (south).
 

Climate.

The climate on the most of territory is continental. The temperature is higher in the sea cost parts, in the pre-Alpine and Garda zones.

Landscape.

Till the 50's of XX century his region was one of the poorest among the north-Italian regions. For a long time continued emigration flow to other parts of the country (Milan and Turin). In the last decades the industrial development made Veneto one of the regions with dynamic growing economy.
The mountain parts of the region remained "the weak area", conserving its original characteristics and depopulated. Only in locality of Belluno situated in amazingly beautiful place the situation is improved thanks to tourism and construction industries (banks, big hotels), luxury shops, etc.).
The plain zones are to the south of region; Venetian lagoon is located to the south-east on the Adriatic cost. 
The rivers of the region are Po, Adige, Bacchiglione, Tagliamento, Naviglio di Brenta. The lakes: Garda, Misurina, Auronzo, Santa Croce, Pieve di Cadore, Alleghe.
The mountain passageways are Rolle, Sella, Pordoi, Falzarego, Tre Croci.

Altitudes

plain: 57%

hill: 14%

   mountain: 29%

Tourism

Total: 47 600 000

Italians: 52%

Foreigners: 48%

Communications.

The principal highway lies between Verona and Venezia reaching Trieste. The important road and railway knots are Verona (Bologna-Brennero and Milano-Venezia) and Padua. Venice is the most important Adriatic port and is the 3rd in Italy after Genoa and Naples. The Porto Marghera is important industrial port serving to local industries.

Agriculture and breeding.

The agriculture of the region progressed a lot during the past 20-30 years. The territory of Veneto is still dominated by little farmer property and agriculture is mixed. The other phenomenon is part-time work in agricultural sector, that is after the working-day on a factory people cultivate their private pieces of land. Among the principle plants should be noticed: maize, green pea, vegetables, apple, cherry, sugar beet, forage, tobacco, hemp. In the hill zones is spread the production of grape and excellent wines.
Very well developed the breeding of cattle and fishing.

Employment

agriculture: 5%

industry: 41%

tourism: 54%

Hydroenergy

Italy:

44 000 000 kWh

Veneto:

3 800 000 kWh

Thermoenergy

Italy:

128 000 000 kWh

Veneto:

13 800 000 kWh

Industry.

Thanks to ancient traditional artisan activities industry takes its origins from the past century in some pre-Alpine valleys. During the last 30-40 years industrialization changed the look of numerous landscapes, especially in the plain, where grew hundreds of industrial complexes. In zones if Marghera and Mestre were built metallurgical and chemical plants. In other parts of the region were affirmed little and medium activities in various sectors: food, textile, chemistry, metal-mechanics, glass, electrotechnics, sight glasses (exported). Artisan production is also quite strong: Muran glass, laces of Burano and gold production of Vicenza.
Apart from agriculture and industry should be noticed such activities as commerce, banking and tourism.

Population.

Nearly half of the population of the region lives in the communes with less than 10 000 inhabitants. Here none of the cities obtained the absolute pre-eminence of population unlike in Lombardy and Piedmont with their Milan and Turin. But the coordination functions inside of the region are managed mostly from Padua and Venice, having well developed network of offices, banks and services.

Births (per 1000)

Italy: 9.9

Veneto: 8.6

Deaths (per 1000)

Italy: 9.3

Veneto: 9.2

Remnant

Italy: 0.6

Veneto: -0.6

Inhabitants per car

Italy: 2.0

Veneto: 1.8

Life.

During past 30-40 years Veneto obtained quite high level of welfare, so nearly on the whole territory of the region people live good enough. The only exceptions are the mountain zones not touched by the progress in tourism and ... Venice. This city so popular in all over the world and always full of tourists created three most important inconveniences for the inhabitants: the cost of life is very high, the quantity of working places is very limited, lack of houses in rent. All this explains the rapid depopulation of Venice.
Inhabitants of the region spend little for newspapers,  journals and TV, preferring  to communicate between themselves. But they are on the 4th place in Italy by the participation in sportive manifestations, performances and various entertainment activities.
Some of the public services in Veneto are very well functioning (medical assistance). Less satisfactory is the sector of schools, because the percent of people who finished high school and college or University is smaller than average Italian one. The level of reported crimes in Veneto is definitely much lower than in other northern and central regions. Here is the greatest in northern Italy number of marriages celebrated with religious rite, and it is the region with the smallest quantity of legal divorces per 100 000 inhabitants.

Provinces and Communes.

The territory of the region is divided into seven provinces: Venezia, Belluno, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Verona, and Vicenza, including 580 communes.

Monthly income

per inhabitant

1 488 000 It.Liras (565 US Dollars)

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