"The Victor Emmanuel Monument, Rome" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Tuesday 10th January 2012
Starting June 2, 2002, Anniversary of the Italian Republic, the Victor Emmanuel Monument is entirely open to the public. Both the interior and the exterior are accessible through six entrances including the new passageway connecting the Piazza del Campidoglio to the Terraces by way of the Ara Coeli Convent.
The Victor Emmanuel Monument is a gigantic building located on Capitoline Hill in Rome Italy. Beautiful sculptures, statues and fountains contribute to the elegance of this fine building, which was built in honor of the first king of a unified Italy.
The Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II) or Altare della Patria (Altar of the Fatherland) or "Il Vittoriano" is a monument to honour Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy. As King of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel had become a symbol of the movement for a united Italy. After his army joined forces with Garibaldi and defeated the papal army, the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed in 1861 with Victor Emmanuel as King. It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill. The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885; sculpture for it was parceled out to established sculptors all over Italy, such as Angelo Zanelli. It was inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1935.
The area of the Altar of the Homeland houses numerous exhibits focused on the birth of the unified nation, the legendary Garibaldi, the work of Benedetto Croce and the achievement of linguistic unity. The site also offers a selection of works by soldier-painters who fought in World War I, and an interactive visit of the Risorgimento Museums of Turin and Milan.
The east part of the Monument houses the Museo Centrale del Risorgimento (museum of Italian independence; tel. 6 79 35 98). On the left the "Trajan's Column".