Vignola (1507-1573) (Jacopo Barozzi)

"Vignola (1507-1573) (Jacopo Barozzi)" submitted by RomeTour Editorial Team and last updated on Thursday 28th April 2011

Jacopo Barozzi, named Vignola, Italian architect and treatise writer, was born in Vignola in 1507 and died in Rome in 1573. He was influenced by the works of S.Serlio, L.B.Alberti, A.d.Sangallo the Younger. After a short Roman period, when he studied ancient monuments, and sojourn in Fontainebleau (1541-1543) together with Primaticcio, Vignola went to Bolonia, where executed the projects for the facade of San Petronio. After it he settled in Rome, becoming the architect of the Farnese's. For the pope Julius III was created Villa Giulia (from 1550).
vignola villa
The development of the conception of the balance between natural and artificial space is represented also in Villa Farnese in Caprarola (see on the photo) (from 1559). Vignola executed a number of complex constructions, gardens "alla italiana" and the park of the Villa Lante in Baniaia (since 1566), as well as numerous religious buildings: Sant'Andrea on the Via Flaminia (circa 1553); Sant'Anna dei Palafrenieri (projected in 1570) (both in Rome). The masterpiece of the artist in this field of architecture is Chiesa del Gesu' in Rome (since 1568).

The treatise of Vignola "Regola delli cinque ordini d'architettura" (1562) was very pupilar in Europe till the 19th century, here was synthesized and codified the classic architectonic language, so that could later be used as a handbook for architects.

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